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What is point by point thesis

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Individual author earnings tracked across 7 quarters, Feb. 2014 – Sept. 2015. Seven Author Earnings reports. Seven times we unleashed our software spider and by point, took a detailed X-Ray of the majority of the paper economics, US ebook market. Each time, we captured between 35% and 50% of all ebook sales in what is point by point, the US that day. Over 200,000 authors , and close to kellogg, a million different books . Title-level data spanning half a billion ebook purchases , nearly $3 billion in consumer ebook spending , and a billion dollars in author earnings . Quarter after quarter, we’ve tracked the what thesis, fastest-growing and most volatile sector of the US publishing industry, and watched how it has shifted. And seen how the transitions for writing essays, different sectors of the what is point by point, industry — from the Big Five traditional publishers and their smaller traditional-publishing peers to kellogg 2009, Amazon publishing imprints and self-published indie authors — have competitively fared. But each of our quarterly snapshots, no matter how comprehensive, is only an X-Ray of the US ebook market at that exact moment. It’s what’s called a cross-sectional study . Is Point By Point! Like a freeze frame photo, it can only tell us how the ebook market is faring as a whole, rather than predicting the future prospects of any particular author along any particular publishing path.

Because although every AE snapshot captures the sales of tens of research paper economics, thousands of authors — even hundreds of thousands of what by point thesis, authors — each data set can only tell us how each individual author’s books happen to be selling at judy i want a wife, that precise instant in what is point by point, time . The picture painted by each quarterly report, taken on its own, is thus necessarily incomplete. They tell us nothing about the consistency of those individual authors’ earnings over time. And if I’m an research paper, author deciding which publishing route to pursue, isn’t that what I’m really most interested in? Rather than broad comparisons of each publishing path’s total collective “market share”? Publishing professionally, after all, is about building a readership and a long-term, decent-paying writing career.

As an individual author, that’s really all I care about, regardless of which publication method I choose. And that’s why single-quarter snapshots of the thesis, market, no matter how comprehensive, don’t tell me what I need to know. Let’s say you’re a writer holding a completed manuscript, on paper, the fence about which publishing path to pursue. The traditional path is undoubtedly the is point by point, slower one — countless authors end up querying and submitting their work for judy i want, decades, without ever landing a publishing contract. But for the relative few traditional aspirants who do, does that patience get rewarded with higher long-term stability than indie publishers see? And greater long-term income? Does slow and steady actually win the race? What if, for example, it turns out that traditionally published authors — as a result of their publishers’ superior marketing muscle — end up being steadier, more consistent earners quarter after quarter, just like the proverbial tortoise? And what if their bestselling indie peers are by contrast more like the proverbial hare, each of them briefly surging up the charts to be captured by our spider during their single fleeting moment of glory, only to be churned under once again and languish in non-selling obscurity thereafter, overwhelmed by the sheer teeming numbers of other indie hopefuls?

What if each indie you see on the best seller charts is only king or queen for what, a day, or even a month or two, before their brief place in 2009, the sun is taken from is point, them by the next lucky — and equally short-lived — indie contender? Imagine that I’m an disease, author deciding which way to publish my first book… or even my tenth book. I’d kind of what thesis, want to know that, right? And so, most likely, would you. The thing we’d both really like to see is called a longitudinal study of author earnings , rather than a cross-sectional one. A study that tracks the earnings of those same individual authors over a longer period of time. And we’d especially like to see such a study done with a statistically well-defined and economically representative sample of brady essay, authors — such as all authors whose books appeared on any Amazon best seller list over a seven-quarter period — rather than done based upon the self-selected responses of a handful of what is point thesis, narrow-demographic, association-dues-paying survey participants. Eighteen months ago, back in early 2014, at Author Earnings we took our first stab at tracking same-author earnings over time.

With only paper, two quarterly cross-sectional snapshots available to compare, the results were suggestive, but hardly conclusive. We simply didn’t have enough data to work with, back then. A Longitudinal Study of Individual Author Earnings Over a 7-Quarter Period, from is point by point, Feb. 2014 – Sept. 2015. By matching up author names across all seven of our quarterly snapshots, we were able to paper, create a single, merged data set. It included over 200,000 authors and their cumulative seven-quarter sales and author earnings from the subset of thesis, their Kindle books which appeared on paper, any Amazon best seller list or sub-list during any of our snapshots. It also included their Kindle best-seller sales and earnings broken down by what is point by point thesis, each individual quarter.

Next, because we were only interested in comparing longer-term performance, we excluded “one-hit wonders” — i.e. authors whose author earnings from Amazon-bestseller-listed Kindle ebooks were not above a $10,000/year run rate in at least 2 different quarterly snapshots out of our 7. I Want A Wife! Perhaps some of these single-snapshot earners were indies that just happened to have their books captured on “Bookbub day”, or maybe some of what thesis, them were traditionally-published authors whom Amazon happened to a wife, be deeply discounting for is point thesis, a few days, giving them a brief pop in essay on alzheimer's, sales. What! Either way, it means that we caught those authors on a particularly good day in one of our snapshots, which was not representative of their longer-term earnings. 5,643 authors in rubric, our longitudinal data set — or roughly 2.8% of the original 200,000 — whose Kindle best-selling ebooks appearing on Amazon best seller lists were consistently earning them $10K/year or better. Lest anyone get discouraged by that 5,643 number , keep in mind that it is only the visible tip of the iceberg: there are many, many other strong-selling authors and is point by point, books that never appear on any of the Amazon Kindle best-seller lists. Theory Essay Rubric! Those other writers don’t appear on Amazon’s best seller lists — and is point by point thesis, thus don’t appear in our data sets — because they happen to write in highly competitive genres where even dozens of sales per day are insufficient to allow a book to reach position #100 on any sub-genre best seller list. Thus those other books and authors are invisible to our spider. I Want! (Anecdotally, we’ve spoken to many of these “non-best-selling” mostly-indie authors who are earning five-figure incomes — sometimes six-figure incomes — from ebooks that never appeared on any Amazon best seller lists.)

And even for those 5,643 authors whose visible earnings from what is point by point thesis, Kindle best sellers in our data sets exceeded $10K/year, many of them also had other Kindle books, too, which were NOT visible on on teenage, the best seller lists. And thus their true overall Kindle ebook author earnings were higher than we show… to say nothing of their additional earnings from ebook sales at other retailers, audiobook sales ( 10% of the audiobooks on Amazon’s best seller lists are indie), and print sales (offset or POD). But even so, it’s a meaningfully large and statistically representative sample, so without further ado, let’s jump in and take a look at the (best-selling) Kindle mid list. We’ll start with the is point, steady $10K-or-better earners. Again, keep in mind that this is by kellogg essays, no means all authors who are earning more than $10K+/year, nor even all authors earning that much just from their US ebooks, nor yet even all authors earning that much from only their Kindle ebooks.

These are authors earning $10K+/year consistently f rom only what by point thesis, that subset of their Kindle books that appear on the Amazon best seller lists. For now, we’ll focus only on the leftmost set of bars, which include all authors regardless of how long they’ve been publishing. The first thing that stands out from the transitions, chart is that there are many thousands of such consistent five-figure-earning “Kindle Midlisters” visible in the data — both traditionally published (purple) and indie published (blue). And as we’ll see in the charts that follow, almost half of what, these 5,600 authors — over 2,200 of them — are consistently making $25K/year or more on essay, their Kindle bestsellers, and more than a fifth of what by point thesis, them — over 1,200 authors in rubric, the data set — are making $50K/year or more on their Kindle best sellers alone. Once earnings from their other non-bestselling Kindle books, other ebook retailers, and by point thesis, other formats such as audio and print are factored in, it’s safe to disease, say that most of these 5,600 writers in our longitudinal data set are making a living wage from their writing. The two bar charts below tally up the numbers of what is point, authors making $25K/year or more, and those making $50K/year or more, from best-seller-listed Kindle ebooks alone. At each of these higher income levels, we applied ever-more-stringent requirements for consistency in of knowledge essay rubric, observable earnings. Is Point! To be included in brady, the charts below, each of is point, these authors not only on teenage, had to have total 7-quarter earnings at the specified ($25K or $50K) yearly level or above, their earnings each quarter also had to exceed that of the previous level ($10K or $25K) in at least 4 of our 7 quarterly snapshots.

Let’s take a look: The leftmost set of bars in every chart includes all authors earning at or above a given level, regardless of their earliest publication date. The left-most purple bar is thus where we’ll find traditional publishing’s longest-tenured and highest-selling authors: names like James Patterson, Nora Roberts, Lee Child, David Baldacci, Janet Evanovich, John Grisham, and Stephen King. The left-most blue bar is also worth a mention. Prior to 2009 indie authors were a niche phenomenon, with very limited access to what, mainstream readers. Six short years later, there are more than half as many indie authors earning steady midlist-or-better incomes from their Kindle ebook bestsellers as there are among ALL traditionally-published authors — even with all of those perennial traditional-publishing name-brand heavyweights, who spent decades atop the old-media best seller lists, also tipping the economics, ebook scales. So let’s take a look at the other sets of bars, moving across the charts from left to right, because that’s where things start to get really interesting. When you look only at authors who started publishing less than a decade ago — in 2005 or later — the gap between the numbers of indie and what, traditionally published authors earning midlist-or-better incomes nearly disappears. Fast work, considering that none of those indies had widespread access to readers until 2010, giving their traditionally-published cohort-mates a five-year head start. In fact, if we look at of knowledge essay rubric, only authors who debuted in the “ebook era” — i.e. in 2010 or after — we see a reversal.

At each annual earnings level, we find far more indies than traditionally-published authors who debuted in the last 5 years and are now earning that much or more. If we look at the most recent debuts — authors whose first Kindle book was published in the last three years or so — the disparity grows: There are fewer than half as many traditionally published authors as indie authors who debuted in the last 3 years and are now earning consistently at the $25K/year level or $50K/year level from Kindle ebooks. This, then, is the what is point by point, world that all new entrants — whether traditionally published or indie — face in 2015. If you’re a debut author in judy i want a wife, 2015 with a manuscript in what is point thesis, hand, or even an research, experienced author regaining the rights to your backlist or starting out with a fresh pen name, when choosing your publishing route it’s that right-most set of bars in is point thesis, every one of on alzheimer's, these charts that is today most relevant to you. But what if you are destined to by point thesis, be more than a mid-lister? You don’t want to sell your work short. Sample Research Paper! Isn’t it still worth being patient and pursuing the what by point, traditional route, to have a better shot at truly stellar earnings? Surprisingly, as we move into six-figure-earning territory and beyond, the contrast between indie ebook earnings and traditionally-published ebook earnings becomes even more stark. Let’s look at:

Six-Figure-A-Year Kindle Best Sellers. In just our 7-quarter longitudinal data set, we are able to theory, find: Far more indies earning a consistent six figures a year or more from just their Kindle best sellers than traditionally published authors who debuted anytime in the past decade and are able to do the same. 240+ indie authors who are consistently earning $100,000/year or more from by point, just their Kindle best sellers. 85+ indie authors who are consistently earning $250,000/year or more from just their Kindle best sellers. 40+ indie authors who are consistently earning $500,000/year or more from just their Kindle best sellers. And finally, let’s take a look at: Seven-Figure-A-Year Kindle Best Sellers. Even at the very highest levels of ebook author earnings, the pattern remains the same.

13 out of the paper, 20 authors who debuted in what is point by point thesis, the last five years, and 8 of the 10 authors who debuted in the last 3 years, and who are now consistently earning $1,000,000+/year from just their Kindle ebook best sellers are indie authors. In closing, while these trends in our changing industry are exciting, it’s also worth reminding ourselves that the research economics, odds against an author being able to make a full-time, high-paying career out of writing are long indeed. They always have been. There are many hundreds of thousands of US authors publishing books each year, both traditionally published and indie. Only a few fortunate thousand from among them will end up earning a living solely from their art, no matter which publishing path they take. The choice of how to publish is by point thesis never an easy one. It’s also worth reminding ourselves that what works best for one author may not be what works best for another. All paths have their merits and downsides, and neither can guarantee anyone success. Essay! But today, our chances of achieving that success as writers are better, and what is point thesis, there are more ways we can make it happen, than at any previous time in research paper economics, history. And that’s a wonderful thing. 52 Responses to “Individual author earnings tracked across 7 quarters, Feb.

2014 – Sept. 2015” Like all of your reports before, this one continues to shine a light on the current state of the publishing world. I’ve never questioned my decision to be an Indie author and even if the numbers showed that Traditional was the way to go, the freedom and is point by point thesis, control is what I like most about being an author/publisher. That being said, this is the first year I’ll crack the brady i want essay, 25K mark (possibly the 50K mark, but that depends on how the last quarter goes. Last year I hit 10K and the year before 5K. The big difference each year as been the by point, number of titles I have available. This business has changed my life and essay, I’m very appreciative of by point, all that you do for our community.

Reading these sorts of reports always makes my day. (Sometimes Arthur Byrne) KILLER, KILLER, KILLER report, Hugh and paper economics, Data Guy! Fascinating, and, to is point, me, very surprising. I’d have expected traditionally-published authors to have a big leg up at the highest levels. Definitely something to consider, should I ever get this novel finished. (75%!) I’d love to know who it is that is making this much money as an indie author. I would find this inspiring and it would also help to validate the data. Just keep an eye at the bestseller lists on Amazon, it’s really that easy.

… and on the bestseller lists at and Apple iBooks, too. Hi Matt, you wanted to know of indies earning well to confirm this. I’m one of the indie authors earning over research paper economics, $15k, mostly on the back of what is point by point thesis, a single novella called To Murder a Saint. Research Economics! I found most of my marketing info from Hugh’s site and J.A. What Is Point Thesis! konrath’s blog. All the info needed to be a successful Indie is already out there. I have been as high as the number 45 on the Amazon best-seller list overall and number one mystery sub category many times over. You can do it! There are several podcast you might find enjoyable and would help you learn about the authors making five figures per month. My favorite is the Self-Publishing Podcast with Johnny B. Truant, Sean Platt, and David Wright. They have interviewed plenty of people who are doing well.

I also like Rocking Self-Publishing. JoAnna Penn has a good one, too. Good luck with your own writing/publishing. Brain, thanks for those recommendations. Theory! I’ll check them out later tonight. #128578;

Try reading HM Ward’s blogs. What Is Point Thesis! She turned down a million dollar trad deal. Thanks for theory of knowledge, the information. I can’t wait to tweet it out. What a great time to be an indie author. What By Point Thesis! To all authors: “May the odds be ever in research, your favor.” Quote from “The Hunger Games” by Suzanne Collins. Thanks, Hugh and Data Guy, for your ambitious reporting on this! One thing that shouldn’t go unnoticed is that you are funding this research out of your own pocket(s), and it’s providing lots of information to is point by point thesis, the whole book-writing and reading world.

I suspect my books are not on those charts even though I’m in the right earnings range, because I use a publishing company name that is different from my own. As you indicate, I’m sure the stats are actually underreporting those making significant money via self-published books, because many have various pen names as well as company names. It is kellogg 2009 a wonderful time to what is point, be a writer! Wishing you continued smooth sailing, both literally and figuratively. Great information. I wonder if Amazon’s Author Ranking is an accurate representation of judy brady i want, where an author stands among his/her peers. I may have missed it, but this is based on gross earnings per book? Not net income/royalties?

Do I have that right? So, for is point by point thesis, example, an indie is paper on teenage getting 70% of the royalties whereas a trad author anywhere around 25% of royalties. So this isn’t as much about author earnings as publisher earnings? (Indies being their own publisher) Apologies if I’ve missed where it says how the what is point by point, ‘income’ is theory of knowledge essay extrapolated. The charts in this report are all based on net author earnings, as what we get paid is the part that actually matters to us authors. For traditionally published authors whose publishers are setting their own prices under agency: those authors are earning 25% of publisher net (which is thesis 70% of the consumer purchase price). Thus those authors are effectively earning 17.5% of research, consumer purchase price.

For indie authors, net earnings are 70% of consumer purchase price on titles priced $2.99-$9.99, and 35% on what is point by point thesis, books priced outside of sample research pregnancy, that range. For books in what by point, KU, their earnings from essay on alzheimer's disease, borrows (and now pages-read) are calculated based on what thesis, the per-borrow and per-page author payouts for those months and quarters. For Amazon-imprint published authors, net earnings are 35% of consumer purchase price for all sales, including KU downloads of theory essay rubric, those titles. Here’s more information on how we calculate indie KU earnings: I have a question about “Publisher Net”. Are we certain that it is 25% of the 70% or is it 25% of the net profits for the publisher after they have allocated costs across their books?

I’ve wondered about what by point this, as I’ve always assumed that it would be the latter because the use of economics, activity based costing would then, in effect, transfer all of the expenses associated with NY rent, labor, advertising, to the books and thus lower the net (and the amount needed to be paid). I have not seen a Traditional contract, so that’s why I ask. Hugh and Data Guy. I’ve been a traditionally pubbed author for what by point, 35 years. I started out at kellogg 2009, 2% of is point, cover price in judy, 1980. Is Point By Point Thesis! (not net) Gradually, made it to 6% of the cover price. I’m now at 8%. (not net) Only the 1% of trad authors or high mid-list authors, get 10% or more.

These are standards in the traditionally pubbed industry that I am aware of. I wonder if your calculation are correct based upon my contracts? MOST of the authors I know who enter trad pub in romance it is a 6% of cover price (not net). And there are trad pubs who make it net, which is for writing essays really not good for the author. By Point! I’m not a math specialist, so I leave it to you two to figure this all out. And the caveat that, of course, different writers entering the research, trad pub, could get more or less than 6%, too. I wonder if you asked the trad authors you worked with for thesis, this study, gave you such information? Thanks for all the on alzheimer's disease, great work you do…it’s much appreciated.

This information is extremely important for writers today. I am grateful to you for getting this out to those of us who are really trying to is point, figure this out and find the best path to sharing our work and judy i want, surviving a tough marketplace for creative people. There may be nothing new in that but lots new in publishing today. Thank your for your work! Re the question about who the top-selling indie authors are to validate the what by point, data, I’ve read discussions on loops and a number of authors, including some I know personally, have volunteered that they are earning these mega-bucks. Most write romance (not necessarily erotica, but I’m sure there’s some of kellogg, that). Mysteries are also represented. I’m a traditionally published author who’s reissued some of thesis, my backlist–as much as I could get the rights to–and plans to self-publish a mystery series.

I’m keeping my fingers crossed! A good number of the top indie earners write Science Fiction, and there are some Thriller authors in there, too… Right now, I’m looking at for writing, the full, non-anonymized list of authors, rank-ordered by their total Kindle earnings. It’s pretty fascinating to see. Out of the thesis, Top 54 Kindle-earning authors — those making over seven figures a year from their Kindle best sellers — 13 of them are indies: #7, #11, #12, #17, #28, #29, #33, #42, #43, #45, #49, #50, and #53. As in our other reports, we release the raw data as an judy a wife essay, accompanying spreadsheet, but author names are anonymized for privacy reasons before release. And I just released three science fiction novels this month…I love this data Data Guy! Hugh, thank you and all involved for your hard work. Regarding Matthew Nuzum’s request: I’m one of the authors earning six figures a year and what is point by point thesis, living off my writing. I’ve done so in the past when I was traditionally published, but this will be the first time I’ve done so in three consecutive years, publishing as an indie under the imprint my wife and I started, Stray Dog Press, Inc. For me, indie publishing is much more fun and an avenue to be far more productive.

I have 28 titles on paper, Amazon. I have to admit, though, that keeping up with the changing business environment is my biggest challenge. I started writing professionally at a number of big ad agencies, and there are times I wish I had my own account exec to handle the what thesis, business end of things, but I’m not making quite that much money. For Writing! I once suggested to Hugh that Amazon should offer a consulting service to indie writers to offer on an individual basis advice on how they can maximize their sales/page reads/revenue. What Is Point! They could call it Amazon Max. As always, thanks Hugh and Data Guy! Is there any way to see genre percentages? I know there are all sorts of sub sub genres, but even a higher level would be interesting.

I would also love a more detailed breakdown of transitions essays, which genres are most popular/profitable. I write under a variety of pen-names and genres (there are several different genres that I absolutely love). Would like to know if I’m investing my writing time in the best area. Spend a little time looking at the Amazon Top 100 Kindle Bestsellers. Thesis! Then look at the subgenres you’re interested in writing in and check out the ranks of the top sellers in those genres to get a feel for how competitive the field is and for writing, how well that subgenre overall seems to be going. I downloaded the raw data. Thanks for providing it. I hoped to easily identify a trend regarding the number of what, books an transitions for writing, author published and their income, but it wasn’t immediately obvious. I can see that the ones lower down on the list tended to is point by point thesis, have fewer books, but this isn’t a hard-and-fast rule. On Alzheimer's Disease! Is this data only from genre-fiction authors?

Have you noticed a difference in the novel vs novella vs short story in terms of author financial success? Thanks so very much for providing your reports. They’re fabulous, and I appreciate you taking the time away from writing to share them with us. This is cool to see! I actually would have guessed there would be more six-figure+ indie authors, but I imagine there are when other stores and non-Top-100 books are taken into consideration. I also think it would be cool to see things broken down by what by point, genre, if that’s ever possible. Essays! I know people assume that it’s all romance authors, but that’s certainly not true. #128512; Wow, more great stuff. Those graphs showing how the newer an what thesis, author is, the more indie gives them a chance of success over essays, tradpub, are particularly compelling. Some of the normal counter-arguments to Author Earnings reports no longer carry any weight.

You’ve greatly reduced the “Bookbub argument.” – I say reduced rather than eliminated because some might say that the is point thesis, most successful indie authors over transitions for writing, time are regularly spending promotional dollars. What Is Point Thesis! And the most compelling prior argument I’ve heard from tradpub types is that all the audio and theory essay rubric, paper sales outside Amazon are not being accounted for and the by point thesis, snapshot is too limited. But with this data, that argument starts to fall flat as far as new authors go. On Alzheimer's Disease! It’s not hard to believe that the big bestsellers or top midlisters who’ve been going ten years plus and have a lot of titles do in fact make a decent percentage of their money outside of is point by point thesis, Amazon ebooks. Essay! We know they’re only is point by point thesis, making between 70 cents and $4 a pop on each unit. Essay Disease! For tradpub to what by point thesis, really be compelling to new authors we not only on alzheimer's disease, have to believe that there are many thousands of what is point thesis, authors who have started in the past five years who are all selling many thousands of essays 2009, units a year outside of Amazon – questionable, but possible – but we’d also have to believe that despite their success outside of Amazon, they have failed to make a dent on the largest book retailer in by point, the U.S. That is now into the realm of research economics, improbable.

Amazon controls somewhere between 15 and 25% of the paper book market, depending on who you ask. In the future I don’t know if it would be possible to develop a sales to rank chart like we have for ebooks and run a spider against paper books. Even without it, a quick scan of bestseller lists for is point by point thesis, large genres like Suspense Thriller and Romance suggests that the top end of the on alzheimer's, paperback market is majority non-big 5 books also. So paper may not be the savior tradpub says it is, either. Unless we have thousands of new authors a year making many thousands of hardcover fiction sales (still clearly dominated by the big 5) each year, the choice for a new author seems clear. The one thing these numbers don’t tell us is where someone who started 5 years ago will be relative to tradpub in what, another 5-10 years. For Writing Essays! Maybe (not likely but we don’t have the data either way), tradpub authors who stick it out for a decade will start to have the greater success we’re seeing on the left side of the graphs. Even if they did, it would be an open question as to how long it would then take for them to make back what they lost in their first ten years by by point, going tradpub. It’s always great to see these reports so my hat’s off to those of you sifting through this data and bringing us the for writing essays, gems of by point, truth. It’s great to see so many authors bringing in an income even if it’s not always six-figures. We know that on top of these authors there are others who didn’t make the Top 100 in their categories, plus authors who (i) sell a lot of books through other stores, (ii) sell ebooks, especially non-fiction, through their own web sites (often at a wife essay, a higher price per book than at Amazon) and (iii) have other sources of writing income outside of is point by point, books.

It is a great time to research on teenage pregnancy, be an author! Once again, thanks, Hugh and Data Guy, for by point thesis, a splendid piece of work. It’s very encouraging to all of us trying to make a living as independent authors. I began self-publishing in transitions essays, May 2013, and hit over $25K in is point, earnings during that first year; doubled that in the second year; and I’m on track to kellogg 2009, improve even further in this, my third year in the market. I had hoped to be in or near the what thesis, six-figure bracket by the end of 2015, but health issues have slowed down my production rate. Nevertheless, if I can whip those problems, that’s my target for next year. Another wonderful discovery is essay on alzheimer's disease how helpful most indie authors are towards one another. What Is Point! I’ve found very little jealousy or backbiting; only encouragement, sage advice, and research paper on teenage, a willingness to share strategies and what, tactics that have led to their success. Can the trad pub world say the same?

I somehow doubt it. Another great report. But I would hope that a new author isn’t basing his decision on judy, which route to take based on stats alone. Like you said, it’s a long way to what by point, the top if you wanna write (someone should write a song). Paper! And you have to be willing to live with the career path you’ve chosen. Indie ain’t easy. We are a specific personality type. I think it’s type D (Don’t want other people running my life).

And it’s hard work. But so is trad publishing. What Is Point By Point! Your stats do offer me some comfort in the decision I’ve made. I love being an indie and intend to disease, stay with it through the “dark years,” though these dark years are fairly light shade of dark. I published book 3 yesterday.

I’ll have one more by what, November and two parts of a serial novel published. 2016 is gonna rock. Keep up the essays, good work guys! Thanks again for what is point by point thesis, making this valuable data available. Essays! It’s great to know you folks are out there digging up the facts. This is good information.

I’d really like to see a the list of assumptions at the top put to at least an anecdotal test. You know who these authors are, so contact a handful and see if they’d be willing to share their real data privately to compare to what your model thinks they made over these seven quarters. Then generate the margin of error between the model and the anecdotal data collected from volunteers. I’m not interested in seeing any individual’s numbers, just the aggregate. I’d like to see if the estimates are close for the tracked titles, and how close they are. I’d like to see if non-tracked titles, vendors and formats balloon the income level as much as you surmise they might. Thanks for by point, all your hard work in creating these reports. This is a fantastic report over a long period. What a source of inspiration for those contemplating self publishing. Disease! Thank you. It would be great to get genre percentages.

Are there any non-romance writers among the 500k+ crowd? #128578; More than a few of is point thesis, them are science fiction writers. Can anyone explain the difference between an “indie author” and “Amazon published” authors. I assumed that the Indie authors had published their own kindle book, which leaves me wondering what an Amazon published book is. Thanks in advance.

This was a great piece of economics, work. (Updated with a link to the list of Amazon Publishing imprints). Hi everyone and thanks to the folks here for providing us all this data. Very helpful. So much to know and what thesis, so much to learn. I will be a debut indie author I hope next year. Essays! I have learned so much in just the last year. What Is Point By Point! I have all the pieces of the puzzle of how to jump into the ocean of indie authors making a living at it “except one”.

No one seems to want to judy brady a wife essay, tell me how I am suppose to get access to any monies earned from Amazon, Kindle and all the other sources. Can I have any monies earned no matter where it’s from go EFT directly into a bank account? Or do I use PayPal then xfer into a bank account? I don’t understand why this is so cloak and dagger out there. What am I suppose to do stare at is point, the figures wishing I could actually use them to fund the continuation of my indie career? Please this is essay on alzheimer's disease important if anyone is ok with telling me I would appreciate it. It’s hard enough that I will have to use Kickstarter in is point by point thesis, order to pay for my first book cover and for writing, other expenses. I’ve never had to ask the what by point thesis, public for money as I am not a politician but a normal worker bee who has worked a long career in IT.

Cheers to you all. Hope to connect. All major retailers can EFT your author earnings directly into your bank account every month. Ok thanks, once I get to the point of using Amazon Kindle ebook publishing service will I be required to have a Tax ID? For a Tax ID, your Social Security number works fine. Or you can set up your own publishing company as an judy essay, LLC, S Corp, or the like, get a Tax ID for it, and what thesis, use that. Many indies eventually do the latter. Does this track KENP earnings as well? My KENP earnings are 2 to 3X my ebook sales numbers.

KENP earnings are included. This is a good analysis as far as it goes, but since it only includes ebooks, it doesn’t make a compelling case against traditional publishing. Research Economics! We need to what, see a graph that shows earnings from research paper on teenage, overall sales (both ebooks and is point by point, paper books ) for theory, each category. What By Point! Only then will the comparison be complete. Hi, I started as an ‘indie’ Sci-Fi author on Amazon a couple of years ago, and after a couple of research economics, false starts, I started earning a few bucks from my books. I now have eight up on Amazon, but most of by point, my income is generated from two main series. ‘He Who Dares’ and ‘Echo of Tomorrow’. Research! Over the what, last two years, I’d have to say that my average monthly income is about $5,000 and looks to get better after I post the next books in the series.

Like many authors, I tried the sample paper, traditional path to getting published but gave up after I had a draw full of what is point, rejections letter. Looking at essay, the data, it looks to me as if self-publishing is the way to what by point thesis, go, and seems to be the trend in brady essay, the future. At least you don’t have to fight to get pass the what by point, ‘editor’ or wait six months to research, a year before you get anything back from them. Good, bad, or indifferent, you can post your story on Amazon, sit back, and wait for the sales, and hits to arrive. People will soon tell you is your story is worth reading or not, and many reader aren’t shy about thesis posting a review. A couple of 2009, things I found I’m in the process of correcting are the cover art and editing. I found a great artist to what by point thesis, do the transitions for writing essays, cove for me, and that alone improved sales, and what is point thesis, secondly I get myself a group of volunteer editors/proofreaders who correct the many errors my poor typing skills produced. On Alzheimer's! On the whole, I found self-publishing was the way to what, go, and from the response and sales I’m happy that people found my stories worth reading. I have read your books and I was thrilled to see your response here. I really enjoyed your work and it was partially what inspired me to research economics, begin my own Science Fiction series. I am through the is point by point, outlining phase and just begun writing my first book, that I am hoping to publish to sample research paper, Amazon early next year.

The story is flying and I am putting word to type at a ferocious pace. What By Point Thesis! I consider the theory of knowledge essay rubric, pacing and general technicality of my work to be similar to your own. Thank you for your work and I’ll continue to be a fan. I understand the limitations of pulling data, but I am probably not represented on by point, the charts accurately. I write primarily milfic and scifi, and I have only essay on alzheimer's disease, a handful of what is point, books that have already pulled in research paper on teenage, over $10,000 per year (I have several more than will easily reach that mark soon).

But I also have 24 books. As I posted elsewhere, a handful make less than $1000 per year, and two make less than $200. However, take my eight or so books that make about $4000 each, and what is point by point, while they would not have made a blip on this research, together, they earn $32,000 per year. In toto, my books earn well into the six figures per year. This is great information. I was with a small publisher until Jan 2016 as they decided to close down.

I am now in the first two months of not-so-clueless self-publishing. I’m looking at the long term of this as I write in a highly competitive genre, at least one of them, so it’s going to be a challenge. I’m scanning through the comments and a common theme among the questions kinda hit me: # of books. I wonder if that has a correlation to of knowledge essay rubric, the data you guys are pulling for this. You’d think that the more books you have, the higher the earning but for some it’s just one book that’s really the “alpha” or they only have a couple of books and are in what thesis, a really great niche or they have a good number of books and are not quite there ($10K/annum minimum) Anyway, it was just a thought I had as I was going through this.

This is fantastic information. Thanks so much for research paper, the tremendous effort you’ve put into gathering these stats and for making the information free to everyone. What Is Point Thesis! Other persons would not be so altruistic and your generosity is much appreciated. My general comment after having reviewed a few of the reports is kellogg that it shows how well self-published ebooks are doing in the last five years when compared to traditional published ebooks. The benefit of self-publishing as I see it, are 1) it allows for persons who would have been rejected by what is point, the Big 5 to get out there and sell their books, 2) the royalties for the self published author are way greater than the traditionally published, 3) it requires a lot shorter process to be published and start making money compared to the other method. While this is good I view the on alzheimer's, reports with caution as I keep wondering (despite all the graphs etc.) if it’s a simple numbers game. What I would like to know is absolutely numbers of self published books versus absolute numbers of traditional published books per year. For example, if there are 100,000 persons self publishing on is point thesis, kindle and research economics, 1000 making a living from it that’s a 1% chance for a self published author. What By Point! On the other hand if 50,000 authors are traditionally published annually and brady, 500 are making a living from is point by point thesis, it that’s 1% of the total. Theory! As a result it would not matter which route you choose for what by point, your book.

With hard work and luck you could be part of the 1% either way. Now if the absolutely figures were reversed i.e there were 100,000 traditionally published titles and 50,000 self published titles then the kellogg 2009, result would be more intriguing. What is what is point by point thesis important I think is to discover is what things the successful self-published authors are doing? Are they performing the same activities as the more recent and successful traditionally published authors. Which groups spends more/less money on marketing? Those are my questions though I’m not sure your metrics would allow you to appropriately answer those questions. This is fabulous information!

Thank yu so much for the tremendous time and judy brady i want essay, effort that must go into these reports. How are you mining the raw data? Signup below to get notified when new reports are added. Add your data! No matter where you are in your publishing career, your data can help other writers better understand this rapidly changing market. Take this anonymous survey and view the what is point by point thesis, results. Would you like to disease, make your voice heard?

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Why your PDF resume might be killing you. My allergies are absolutely killing me. The battle of my body versus my environment has now reached an what by point, annoying three weeks. Theory? What’s worse is that this is the by point thesis, first year I’ve ever experienced an allergic catastrophe like I’m dealing with now. Seriously, it just came out of kellogg no where. But enough about is point, me, time to talk about kellogg, what might be killing you! For several years, I’ve been thinking of writing about the horror that a PDF resume can bring to job seekers. Is Point? For too long, I’ve been waiting for the right time or the right idea/inspiration to write about this menacing problem. However, FINS absolutely crushed this topic and beat me to on alzheimer's the punch, so I feel I must review their post and pass it on to you. I was recently quoted in FINS in what thesis a Cover Letter story , and while there, I noticed their very strong PDF v. Disease? Word post.

While reading through, I knew it was going to be awesome when I saw one of my best friends in the world, Sarah White, quoted in what by point thesis the piece. She’s brilliant and shows off her HR technology brain in the article. You can read the full post by clicking here , and research, I invite you to check out my review of the post below. If you weren’t aware already, most companies these days use an Applicant Tracking System (ATS) to receive, organize, review, and is point thesis, search the resume that you (and everyone) send in for the job. Ever apply to a job and receive an almost instant email back? Yep, that’s the ATS saying “howdy” to your face. As Sarah White mentions in the article, about 61% of North American companies have an ATS now , and job seekers will find that more and more companies will start using them.

There are roughly 55 different ATS vendors on the market. Of those 55, only a few are able to translate the information from your PDF resume into their system. Economics? This means that if their software can not detect your info, you are simply lost in the mix. The company is what is point by point thesis just NOT able to search your resume or your name because your information is just blank in the system. Time For An Awesome Sarah White Quote: I think you’re always safer using a Word document than a PDF, as well as sticking to .doc instead of .docx extensions.

A PDF could potentially be readable, but you know a Word document will be read by one of these systems. Almost every large company uses an ATS, so common sense must be on your side. Judy I Want A Wife Essay? If the company employs more than 500 employees, they probably have an ATS. If you send a PDF resume and by point, receive an automatic response, it might be in your best interest to apply again, this time with Word formatted resume. I know that the PDF resumes can look fun and make you seem techy and transitions for writing essays, innovative, so use them when the company is also techy and innovative. Perfect example would be for a startup. Most startup companies can’t afford an ATS and what is point thesis, probably just use a excel spreadsheet to keep track of everything.

Feel free to send them your wacky and wild or pretty and fun PDF resume. Brady I Want A Wife Essay? Just be smart, and by point thesis, when applying to a larger organization use common sense and send your Word resume. When you opt for judy i want a wife essay, AppliView ( ) you will have a competitive advantage over many other firms. That is what by point thesis because you will be able to hire the of knowledge, best candidates into your company. A lot of companies struggle hard to hire the finest in what by point thesis the industry. They look for sample research, ways to avoid resume duplication and hefty placement fees. Great article.

After learning about resume screeners I didn€™t want to what by point leave my application to chance, so I apply using Jobscan to transitions make sure my resume is by point seen. The reason people use pdf documents for resumes is to protect the integrity of the information they provide. Brady I Want Essay? Personally, I trust no one. So how do you insure the integrity of the what is point by point, document once it leaves your computer if not by pdf? Very informative post. Kellogg Essays? Most of the job seekers are not aware of what is point this ATS system. Thanks for the post. Visit following website, they deliver a beautiful resume of yourself. Do you want to track your CV once it leaves your mailbox.Please try Well, we just can't win.

Maybe this is one of the reason why more than 50 percent of the recruitment went to failure. After all if you think about it a resume is just a piece of paper, do it in kellogg their way there's no biggie, we are the seekers and what is point by point, they are the choosers. It's the reality. With all the sample research paper on teenage, people complaining, it's almost funny to be honest.. Like businesses not updating their Word programs when one comes out every couple of what thesis years(costing a very large amount of money) and facing some compatibility issues (like not being able to read .docx and such new formats), many large businesses will not update/change their text-scanning software and essay, they will not be able to read stuff like .pdf no matter how 'easy' it apparently is to extract it. What Thesis? If it costs more money/time, they probably don't want to deal with it. And I don't blame them one bit.. As for your I spent sooo much time designing this fancy resum© in .pdf, and why won't they read it? :'( the skipping out on some resum©s probably helps these companies. Not only essays does it lower the what thesis, number of resum©s(probably somewhere in the hundreds or thousands) that they have to scan through (thereby lowering the load on computers and the staff hired to look at resum©s), fancy .pdfs are going to have a higher file size than a simple .doc.

The only place where I could see that being justified is in a small design business. Otherwise, your pretty little .pdf means absolutely nothing to them. You can make some very nice documents in most word processors if you know what you`re doing, it shouldn`t be a problem at all. Use your design skills there(not really tech skills to be honest, anyone can use that program). Overall, a large business that needs a text-extractor will not care if your resum© is a little bit nicer than the others. They don`t care, in a place where they employ 1000 people if one singular person who was above average was cut out in 2009 favour of someone who was average. 0 poos given. If you are trying to highlight yourself before you even get a job offer, do it by what is point by point thesis, researching industry standards(such as this one) and use them to your advantage! You are now one of the 'x' number of people who didn`t get cut out by the text-scanning system for using a.pdf, congratulations! People, please stop whining, use this stuff to your advantage!

@ Palkia The Office Open XML (DOCX, XLSX etc) standard was designed by Microsoft in 2006 for Office 2007. Most businesses should have a version of Word thats capable of sample on teenage opening a DOCX, as it's over 8 years old. XPDF, a FREE and open source PDF text extractor has been around since 1995. There's zero excuse for these software packages to what not extract text out of a PDF. This just absolutely upsets me in so many ways. Why are you recruiters depended on transitions for writing, a system that refuses to adapt? I have been spending hours on my resume to stick out and just to what by point thesis find out that it simply doesn't matter what efforts I have made. For Writing? Yes, I do use these key word in what is point by point thesis my resume because I was aware of the ATF searches but I had no idea about the PDF issue.

I had preferred to submit my resume in PDF because I created my resume on InDesign to highlight my tech and paper, design skills. and plus I figured recruiter would have issues with layout if it was in a doc format. I am sooo upset right now. Some digital age we are in. This is absolutely ridiculous. What kind of what by point thesis system is not reading my bloody resume in PDF. RETARDED DESIGN IDEA!! DO YOU KNOW HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE LOSING THEIR MINDS BECAUSE THEY DON 'T KNOW THIS CRUCIAL FUCKING REQUIREMENTS ?? IT 'S NOT LIKE THEY'RE IT TECHNICIANS!! @ huntingbird30 I literally crying. I have sent so many resumes in PDF because they were designed and I spent hours on it.. and to essay on alzheimer's find out what is point they won't be looked just makes me sooo angry!. I have sent over 1000 resumes under pdf not one response. only in america lol.

What about sending a simple version of the kellogg essays, PDF resume, WITH the PDF resume? The simple version would have all formating removed, and would be the machine readable version, while the is point by point, PDF itself would be the version the HR person would refer to. What about sending a simple version of the PDF resume, WITH the research economics, PDF resume? The simple version would have all formating removed, and would be the machine readable version, while the PDF itself would be the version the what thesis, HR person would refer to. Seriously? PDF text extraction is easy, there are a million open source tools for essay on alzheimer's, this with MIT license. Any program that is designed to what by point thesis scan text out of files that cannot read PDFs has some lazy ass programmers.

We should not prepare the resumes format in the PDF's style.The recruiters won't allow this type of kellogg 2009 format. free pdf (lol) resume hosting at Hey this is is point by point thesis a nice one. Essay Disease? Thanks for explaining it so brief. How to transfer car loan to thesis my name? We don't scan for key words so in our system it doesn't matter if it's a word doc. or pdf resume you upload. = recruitment just got free. Regarding PDF files.

Disclosure: I have NEVER seen the recruiter side of an kellogg, ATS tool. There seems to be two ways to create a PDF: 1) print, scan, save 2) direct from software Option 1 would require OCR technology to convert the what is point by point, scanned picture to research paper on teenage text. While this improved over the years it is is point by point thesis not perfect and formatting will drive OCR nuts. Option 2 usually embeds the raw text as well. These are the on teenage, PDF files you can use the search function of the reader with. By Point Thesis? My assumption, I know how that can turn out, is that the judy a wife essay, ATS systems should be able to pull the thesis, raw text from the computer generated file where Option 1 would cause issues. Regardless, why buck the system? Use the .doc or .txt format when applying and avoid the issue. If you want to publish your resume online and judy i want a wife, are concerned with someone modifying it then use the PDF format there or set the .doc file to what by point thesis read only. I Want A Wife? Just a thought.

Rich, First, I really enjoy your site and your posts . eh, most of which I agree with. :-) Second, this PDF-v-DOC discussion is one that I have had with with many people over the last several years as I lecture on resume writing and thesis, online job searching here in the Atlanta area. I wrote a entry for my blog ( about transitions for writing essays, a year ago and discussed this very issue. By Point Thesis? But, like in my post, let me extend your warning comments to include the .ODT format as well as the .PDF format. For Writing Essays? Both are a challenge to current-day ATS platforms. For those of you not familiar with .ODT, it's the default file format for Open Documents created with a variety of Open word processing packages, such as Sun's Open Office suite.

While it is by point a standard format (ISO/IEC), it's not broadly accepted on for writing essays, ATS platforms yet without additional (sometimes costly) add-on packages. So, as Rich (and others) has pointed out effectively, when applying on-line, the de facto standard for resume file formats continues to by point thesis be .DOC (.DOCX is almost on-par with .DOC .. I Want? give it another year) -- stick with it for now. Keep the great posts coming along! Pardon my ignorance (I'm a job seeker, not a recruiter) but what do you mean by keywords of your industry? How can someone describe their experience and what thesis, skills without using the research paper economics, same words as you may use to search for is point, candidates? Are seekers and recruiters using such different language? How can I get a list of keywords for my industry, so I make sure my resume is written in the language of recruiters?

Many thanks. Use a word cloud tool like or to build a visual of the job descriptions. Transitions Essays? 1) find a job description that interests you 2) copy text 3) go to word cloud tool, paste text 4) look at visual representation of the is point thesis, words on the cloud. The keywords should be in a larger font Just a thought. Rich, Great column! Just one question regarding, My allergies are absolutely killing me. Kellogg 2009? Couldn't be allergic to corn, could you?! AMEN! It is one of my biggest pet peeves, is havinbg PDF resumes. Is Point By Point Thesis? The only essays thinkg that drives me over the edge is people who send the what thesis, resume with the title of resume.doc.

These people do not think anyone else use that defualt title. I used to rename them to be a nice recruiter, but when i have volumes of resumes coming in, in is easier to reject it since my ATS will not process it since there is ALWAYS one already in the database! Hi Michael - Thanks for research paper economics, the comment and stopping by! YES, I hate generally titled resumes as well. I may need to write a post simply on that.

Thanks! I have also found that it is good to place a list of key words at what is point thesis, the bottom in very small type and white characters that do not show up when printed however, many ATSs still pick up those key words when searching resumes. Just make sure those key words are relevant to the job and the industry otherwise they are of no use. Hey RBC - thanks for theory rubric, commenting. What? Excellent point about keywords. Very important to note that ATS look for keywords and that's how people are found in the systme. Thanks. @rbc, if you are thoughtful in developing accomplishment-based bullets that include the sample research on teenage, crucial keywords of your industry, then you won't need to rely on what by point thesis, tricks such as white font, right? Recruiters and theory rubric, employers will quickly lose respect (and the contact info) of candidates who can't play straight. You can also introduce keywords in what is point your Summary Statement (not objective statement). Don't spend your energy playing games, but rather, spend your energy creating useful and unique content.

We have a saying here at ResuMAYDAY and that's, give yourself the best resume that you've EARNED. Nothing more, nothing less. With a bit of wordsmithing and strategy, you won't have to resort to paper on teenage pregnancy trickery. Great comment, ResuMAYDAY! Trickery is certainly not ideal. Thanks for by point thesis, stopping by! Hi Rich - I always knew that job seekers should definitely have multiple formats of their resume, but I didn't realize that submitting .PDFs could be such a problem. Transitions For Writing Essays? If a job seeker is by point emailing their resume, what do you think of attaching all the formats they have (or at least both a .Doc and .PDF)? Whenever there's an online system, the .Doc submission always works better, even if .PDF can be submitted. In those instances, it seems like the .Doc just translates better into the system. Thanks for the tips! - Corey Career Blogger at essay on alzheimer's disease, Urban Interns.

Hey Corey - thanks for the comment. Attaching all of the formats may work if it's just through email. That's a good way to go about it if they know for sure it's going to a recruiters inbox. What Is Point Thesis? The .doc is always best for online submissions and online systems. These systems are the ATS which basically shred up the research economics, PDF format. Thanks again! Rich, Great tip on .docx vs. .doc.

It's something I suspected, but wasn't entirely sure. Thanks for the heads up. Lee. Hey Lee - thanks for the comment. I'll give Sarah White the nod for what thesis, that tip! That was from her brain! Thanks! Geez . just when I'd decided (based on other articles) that I was going to start sending out .pdf versions of my resume, I read this! Frankly, I have a jam-packed resume, reflecting 30+ years of experience in four or five (depending how one wants to kellogg slice-and-dice it) areas of the Communications field, and it has a nasty habit of trying very hard to push the last few items off the is point by point, second page when left to sample research the variables of how different systems display a .doc file. Obviously, having a .pdf version keeps all the what by point, info where it's supposed to be . however, if nobody is actually READING these (either on-screen or in a print-out), I guess it doesn't matter. Heck, from reading the kellogg essays, above I'm wondering if the no more than two pages rule is what is point thesis still active . Sample Pregnancy? if it's a computer scanning my resume for thesis, keywords, I can spew out a 10-page EPIC of my professional life and stuff it to the gills with likely keywords.

Eh . anyway . you've convinced me to theory of knowledge essay keep attaching the is point thesis, .doc version for the time being! - B.T. Hey BTRIPP - I'm sorry to have made you start over on this! It may be a hassle, but it MIGHT Be your best option to switch to the word resume. Research Paper? KEEP both formats, but only send the PDF to smaller companies. Good luck! Excellent advice, Rich. First off, I completely, absolutely, 100 percent agree with everything you've written so don't take anything below as being at all contradictory but instead just additional to what you've written: 1. Erin's comment from a few minutes ago is one that we hear a lot. If she could only see what employers see when they're looking at their ATS then she'd understand. Most of the ATS software vendors seem to think that formatting is for what by point thesis, wimps and a wife, what recruiters really want is a page of unformatted, straight text with no discernible columns, bullet points, numbering, etc. So all that nice formatting like putting your dates of what is point by point employment in one column and on alzheimer's disease, your job title and what is point, description in another so employers can read at a glance where you've been and what you've done? Forget about essay, it.

It all mashes together. Is Point? So any benefit that she or other job seekers perceive being there from a PDF versus a Word document quickly vanishes as soon as that PDF is sucked into sample research paper on teenage a typical ATS. What Is Point By Point Thesis? 2. In the 20 years since I founded this business, I've never talked with a recruiter who speaks highly of their ATS. Never. 3. I don't recall the exact percentage but it is something like 60 percent of resumes in ATS are essentially invisible to the recruiters using their ATS. Kellogg Essays 2009? The percentage was given to me by what is point thesis, the folks at on alzheimer's disease, Preptel, which have created a system which will convert the resume you post at what by point thesis, a job board or other web site into a format that is kellogg 2009 compatible with each of the major ATS and then posts your resume for you. Incredibly, putting dates in one column and by point, job titles and for writing, descriptions in another -- like most resumes seem to is point by point thesis be -- is one of the biggest problems for the ATS. Pregnancy? These resumes often end up with all of the information from the first column (the dates) being lumped together in one paragraph and then all of the information from the second column (job titles and descriptions) appearing at what is point, the bottom of the transitions for writing, resume so the by point thesis, recruiter has no easy way of judy i want determining which dates go with which jobs. These ATS have only been around for 15 years. By Point? You'd think they'd care more about the candidates and their clients. If they did, you'd never see a problem like this.

By the way, we'll be implementing a partnership with Preptel this fall so candidates who apply to jobs on our site will have their resumes properly posted to essay on alzheimer's the employer's ATS. 4. If the employer's system allows you to do so, upload your resume as a PDF, Word document, AND a plain text document. Look long and hard at that last one. If you can read it on your screen, then the employer should be able to read it in their ATS. Plain text documents force you to trash all of those columns, bullets, etc. so what you end up with is a 1993-looking document that should be perfectly compatible with just about every ATS out there and that will greatly increase your chances of the employer being able to find you. 5. Employers using ATS find candidates who have applied to jobs not by reading through a stack of resumes like so many candidates think but instead by keyword searching. An employer might receive hundreds or even thousands of is point by point thesis resumes per day and research, many of them tell me that at least 90 percent are unqualified. Rather than wasting time reading through the by point thesis, 90 percent, the employers try to find the 10 percent by running keyword searches just like we all do when we go to Google, Bing, or Yahoo. But just like those searches, you often end up missing what you're searching for because you didn't use the essays, right keyword phrase or the page that has the information you want didn't include the keyword phrase that you used when you were searching for it. Is Point By Point? So think about judy i want a wife, what keyword phrases the employer would use -- even if there's an idiot on thesis, their end -- and then use those same phrases in research your resume. What Is Point? Keep up the good work, Rich!

What is the best thing to of knowledge essay rubric do if i have pdf resume? im not getting any response. Hey Steven - Anything you say I listen to. Disagreeing with me or not. Not blowing smoke up your ass here, but I do tend to learn a thing or two from you when you speak (or type). I agree with you on by point thesis, your points. Specifically, ATS programs need to get better.

I didn't like the one we had, but I'll tell you that when we didn't have it, things were worse. It didn't complete solve the problem, but it helped me reach more people. I was more efficient in my job, and as the only recruiter for my company, I felt more in sample research pregnancy control. In regards to #3, I think recruiters are constantly trying to do their job better. In our field, what slows us down is what we usually think about. If something slows us down, we are to what by point thesis blame. For that reason, the ATS is critical.

When it fails (which does happen), it hurts us. I think that's why many don't like their ATS, or at least want something better. Great points in #4. Regards to #5, completely forgot to judy mention keywords in the post. What By Point Thesis? Excellent! I shouldn't have wrote it at 3am! If recruiters aren't trained on key word searching, then they are missing out. But if they don't know what key words to for writing search, then they probably have larger issues. Thanks again for the kind words and your thoughts! Seriously, WTF?

It sounds like ATS systems are the dumbest thing on the planet, HR people hate them, and yet they keep using them because . What By Point Thesis? . . why? Why hasn't sheer demand forced the economics, companies that make these systems create something acceptable? And yet job seekers are still expected to sift through endless conflicting sources of advice despite the fact that almost nothing they will do can give them a reasonable chance of not being rejected by an idiotic system? I suppose I am lucky that I am in an industry (architecture) where most firms are far too small to what is point by point use such systems. At least if I am rejected, it's most often by a human being who has actually at least glanced at my resume, instead of essay a computer system that doesn't properly do the job it was designed to is point thesis do even half the time. Sheesh. Hey there, Rich, I'm interested in hearing more about Steve's #4 and your original point #3: If you send a PDF resume and receive an automatic response, it might be in your best interest to apply again, this time with Word formatted resume.

I've thought about applying multiple times with different formats, but hesitated on the grounds that it would be redundant, annoying and perceived as unprofessional. You've changed my mind! I still have questions though: Steve's answer was limited to one application with multiple file formats, but it didn't exclude the multiple applications idea. What do you think of this idea, Steve? Also, Rich, your original point #3 is not be a popular alternative in the comments, and I'm not sure why, since it appears to sample research on teenage solve the what is point, file format problem nicely and increase visibility in the ATS. Research Paper Economics? Could you expound on this more, and maybe take a stab at the reasons why someone might not use multiple applications? Also, do you have any resources about the various ATS systems in use? Where and how can I find information about the what is point, capabilities of each system? I understand the the rules of the job hunt are not determined by me. I must humbly conform to the needs of research paper HR representatives, and I do.

That being said, I can still grumble grumble a little at this. As a mac user (like many others), I save my resumes as PDFs before submitting. I can save as a Word doc, but I have had issues in the past with formatting not saving properly. I find it hard to imagine that these HR professionals aren't aware that they are missing out on a number of what is point by point thesis candidates because of a PDF submission. Transitions For Writing Essays? Unless they are looking to filter out what thesis as many candidates as possible, why would they intentionally use a software that completely ignores a number of candidates that may be the perfect fit for a position? Is it just that they don't understand the judy brady, software or does it make their job easier by cutting the number of candidates?

Can't say I like it, but I understand your point and will take your advice to what by point submit .doc's going forward. Hi Erin - thanks for your comment! Perfectly understand your grumbling, and you aren't alone. It's not something that I love about the system. It's just how it is. But I'll say this. As a resume reviewer, I care LESS about the format, than I do about the theory, content. The purpose of the ATS is to what is point by point thesis organize your information once you're in the system. If your content is solid, I'll probably find you in there and review your information. If the format is messed up, I'll still consider you if the information is good. Transitions For Writing Essays? Format is less important than content and grammar.

That's key to understand. But. if you do have the PDF and it doesn't come through, then I'm not even able to read your content. Why do people use it? A large company may receive 500 resumes per day. They simply can not open each one in an email. It would clog their email and what, they'd miss many people.

It's not that recruiters don't understand the essay disease, software, it's that the what by point, software doesn't understand PDF's. That needs to change, and paper, I'm sure in the next couple years that will absolutely change. Thanks again for your thoughts! […] Medicare fee schedule in effect for Calendar Years 2013 and 2014, or the fee schedule … Why your PDF resume might be killing you | Corn on the Job Aug 18, 2011 … This post explains why you should use a word format for your resume. … […]

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45 Quick Changes That Help Your Resume Get Noticed. The Muse Editor. There is certainly a time and a place for is point by point, a resume overhaul. Taking a couple hours to really clean up your resume is worth doing before you start a job search, or even just once a year as a tune-up. Judy Brady I Want Essay! But sometimes, you don’t have that kind of time. Sometimes, you just have a few minutes, and is point, you want to spend them giving your resume a quick polishing-up. And for those times, we made you this list of resume updates that only take a few minutes, but that can make a big difference in making your resume shine. Rubric! Choose how much time you have, pick a (mini) project, and get ready for your resume to what by point thesis be that much more eye-catching. Ready, switch the font of theory essay rubric your resume to Helvetica, Arial, or Times New Roman—in other words, make sure it’s not hard to read (or stuck in what thesis Word’s standard Calibri). Using a common, clean font may not make your resume the prettiest out there, but it will make it more readable (and less likely to research paper economics be rejected by applicant tracking systems).

2. By Point! Remove “References Available Upon Request” If they want references, they’ll ask for them!), and use the extra space to add a detail about your abilities or accomplishments. That boring boilerplate “I am a hard working professional who wants to sample on teenage pregnancy work in [blank] industry” is a bit obvious—why else would you be submitting your resume?—and takes up valuable space. Save your resume as a PDF if it’s in what by point any other format. That way, the formatting won’t get messed up when your resume is opened on a different computer. (To see exceptions to essay on alzheimer's disease this rule, click here.) Change the file name from “Resume” to what is point by point thesis “[First Name] [Last Name] Resume”—it makes things easier for hiring managers and ensures your resume doesn’t get lost in the crowd. If you’re not local, recruiters might not look any further. If you are, recruiters may take your commute time into account and on alzheimer's disease, turn you down if they think it would be too long. In its place, add a link to your LinkedIn profile, as well as any other relevant social media handles (Twitter if it’s professional, Instagram or Flickr if you’re applying to social media or creative positions).

Caveat: Never include Facebook, no matter how clean you keep it. Don’t want to what by point drop your whole ugly LinkedIn URL onto your resume? (Hint: You shouldn’t.) Create a custom URL to your public profile using simply /yourname (or some similar, simple variation if somebody already has your name). LinkedIn has instructions on its website. Your resume is most likely going to be read on a computer, so making things like your email address, LinkedIn and other social profiles, and personal websites clickable makes it easier for the recruiter to kellogg learn more about you. Omit any references to your birthdate, marital status, or religion. Since it’s illegal for employers to what consider this when looking at your application (at least in the U.S.), they can’t request it (and offering it makes you look a little clueless). If you’re more than three years out of college, remove your graduation year. Recruiters only really want to know that you got a degree, and theory essay rubric, you don't want them to inadvertently discriminate based on your age. While you’re at it, do a little rearranging, and move education down below your experience. Unless you’re a recent graduate, chances are your last one or two jobs are more important and is point, relevant to you getting the job.

To improve readability, increase the disease line spacing (also called leading) to at least 120% of the font size. To do this in Word, go to Format and select Paragraph. In the pulldown under Line Spacing, choose Exactly and set the is point by point thesis spacing to two points above the size of your font (so, 12 if your font is 10 point). Need a little more space to work with? Reduce your top and bottom margins to 0.5 and your side margins to no less than 0.75. Sample Research Paper Pregnancy! This will keep your resume clean and readable but give you more room to talk about what is point, what you've got. Of Knowledge Essay Rubric! Remove anything high school-related unless you’re a year out of college or need to bulk up your resume and did something highly relevant (and awesome) during your high school years. Add any new skills you’ve gained, and remove anything that is a little dated (nobody wants to hear that you have Microsoft Word experience anymore—they expect it). If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of those sections and listing it on its own (“Language Skills” or “Software Skills”). Make sure formatting is consistent across your resume.

You want all headers to be in the same style, all indentations to line up, all bullet points to match, and the like. You don’t want the is point by point thesis styling to look sloppy! Find any acronyms, and write out the full name of the title, certification, or organization. You should include both, at least the first time, to make sure the recruiter knows what you’re talking about and so an applicant tracking system will pick it up no matter which format it is looking for. Of Knowledge Essay Rubric! For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Unless you are a designer or are submitting a (carefully crafted) creative resume, remove any photos or visual elements. On a more traditional resume, they generally just distract from the information at hand (and can confuse applicant tracking systems). Is Point! If you have gaps of a wife a few months in your work history, swap out the usual start and end dates for each position with years only (e.g., 2010-2012). What Thesis! Swap out a couple of your boring verbs for judy brady i want essay, some more powerful (and interesting) ones. Check out our list if you need inspiration.

Swap out a couple of generic adjectives or titles (words like “detail-oriented” or “experienced” are overused and don’t tell a recruiter much) with stronger language that better describes your more unique strengths. 24. What Is Point! List Your Promotions Correctly. Of Knowledge Essay! Worked multiple jobs within the same organization? Learn how to list them right on what by point thesis your resume, then update it as such. Essay Disease! As a rule, you should only show the is point most recent 10 to on alzheimer's disease 15 years of your career history and only include the is point by point thesis experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying.

So if you have anything really dated or random, remove it and use the space to bulk up other sections or add something more relevant. Go through line by line and take note of any orphan words (single words left on a line by brady themselves). See how you can edit the what thesis previous line so they can fit—making your resume look cleaner and a wife, opening up extra lines for what, you to do other things with. Make your document easier to skim by adding divider lines between sections. Check out on alzheimer's disease, section three of this great guide for instructions. Include any numbers on your resume? Go through and change them all to numerical form, instead of written out (i.e., 30% instead of thirty percent). Even small numbers that are often spelled out should be written numerically—it makes them pop to the reviewer and what by point, saves space. This will not only help you catch any spelling or grammar errors, but it will also help you notice any sentences that sound awkward or that are hard to paper economics understand. Look at your resume “above the what thesis fold.” In other words, take a close look at the top third of your resume—the part that will show up on judy brady a wife the screen when the is point hiring manager clicks “open” on that PDF.

That’s what’s going to make your first impression—so make sure it serves as a hook that makes the sample pregnancy hiring manager eager to read more. Make sure you have no more than six to seven bullet points for any given position. If you do? Cut and condense. No matter how long you’ve been in a job or how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them.

Give your resume to someone who doesn’t know you well to look at for 30 seconds. Then ask: What are the three most memorable things? What’s the what by point narrative? Take this feedback and theory rubric, think about how you can adjust your resume to get it closer to where you want. Similarly, drop your resume into what is point thesis a word cloud generator and judy, see which keywords are popping out. If the most prominent ones aren’t what you want to be remembered by, or if there are important words that aren’t present, think about how you can tweak your resume to make that more clear.

Go through your bullet points, and thesis, add as many numbers and percentages as you can to quantify your work. How many people were impacted? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? (And, yes, it’s OK to estimate as long as you can roughly prove it.) Pick a few statements to take one step further, and transitions, add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only by point what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. 36. Kellogg! Consider Adding a Qualifications Section. What Is Point! Perhaps in i want a wife essay lieu of your now-deleted “Career Objective?” This should be a six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section that concisely presents the creme of the what by point crop of your achievements, major skills, and important experiences. By doing this, you’re both appeasing any applicant tracking systems with keywords and research pregnancy, giving the hiring manager the juicy, important bits right at the top. 37. Update Your Header to Make it Pop.

You don’t have to have a ton of by point thesis design knowledge to make a header that looks sleek and catches a recruiter’s eye. (Hint: Use this same header on your resume and cover letter to for writing essays make your “personal brand” look really put together.) Need to what by point fill up more space on your resume, or feel like you’re light on the experience? There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on judy i want a wife your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, freelanced, or blogged? Add a couple of these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If you need more space on your resume, check and see if any of your formatting decisions are taking up unnecessary space. Does your header take up too much at the top?

Do you have any extra line breaks that you don’t really need? Tinker around with the formatting and see how much space you can open up (without your resume looking crowded or messy). 40. Make Your Bullet Points Make Sense. Look at each bullet point and make sure it’s understandable to by point the average person. Economics! Remember that the what by point thesis first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an essay, assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is by point thesis readable, relevant, and interesting to brady i want a wife all of them. Download this free resume template so you’ll look extra polished. What Is Point Thesis! Make sure all of the experience on your resume is updated. Add any awards you’ve received, new skills you’ve taken on, articles you’ve published, or anything else awesome you’ve done.

Hop over to brady essay your LinkedIn profile, and make any updates you’ve just made to your resume to your summary and experience sections there. What! Email three of research on teenage your friends or professional contacts asking (nicely!) for a peek at their resumes. You might be able to get some inspiration for your own (or even help them out). Find an what, awesome job to apply to research economics with one of our partner companies, then get started on what is point thesis your cover letter with our easy-to-follow guide. WANT YOUR RESUME TO HELP YOU GET A JOB? Of course you do.

Photo of on alzheimer's disease person editing resume courtesy of Hero Images/Getty Images#46; Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for is point by point, this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Essay Paper on Air Pollution in Thailand. by James Douglas and Kelly McNight. Air pollution in Thailand is considered to be one of the most serious environmental problems in the country. Especially severe are the implications of the problem for is point, people who live in cities, where the level of air pollution is research, substantially higher. The main air pollution contributors are power plants, factories, motor vehicles, forest fires, agricultural burning and open cooking. As a result, health concerns have increased and became an what thesis, alarming signs to take necessary procedures. Moreover, the non-health implications are significant as well.

They include loss of productivity, damage of ecosystem and infrastructure. As for paper on teenage pregnancy, global impacts, they include acid rains, global warming, and damage to stratospheric ozone. Thus, air pollution is a very significant problem in Thailand and needs to be resolved immediately. In Thailand, the main responsibility of what is point by point air quality monitoring is put upon the Pollution Control department (PCD). It establishes standards and essay makes recommendations as to what is point by point thesis measures needed to transitions for writing essays be taken to improve environmental situation. Along with Government, PCD had contributed much to resolve the what, problem of air pollution. However, there is still much to essays be done. The main ways to fix the air pollution issue are:

Tightening emission standards for is point, motor vehicles, which are the essay, most significant pollutants. What. Improving public transport and traffic management. This requires increasing the number of priority bus lanes and the development of research paper on teenage pregnancy alternative transportation, such as SkyTrains. Adopting legislature that obliges industries to reduce emission. Strengthening institutional effectiveness by improving coordination among agencies and by point building capacities at sample on teenage, the local level; Broadening public involvement in air quality management; Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM); Expanding monitoring policies; The main obstacles on the way of implementation those policies and what is point by point thesis means: High cost of acquisition and judy i want a wife implementation of advanced cleaning technologies and thesis technologies that reduce emission. Resistance on behalf of corporations to implementation of economics those technologies because of their high costs. Possible public indifference and the absence of desire to cooperate in order to improve environmental issues. What Is Point. Time needed to implement necessary environmental programs and technologies. Governmental delays and unwillingness to take actions; absence of support from public organizations.

All those obstacles, however, may be easily overcome given that government take immediate and persistent action in implementing necessary programs, educating population and encouraging private sector to foster all governmental initiatives and express those initiatives themselves. 1. Tightening emission standards for motor vehicles. According to public perception polls on the issue of air pollution held in transitions essays, Bangkok, the majority of residents ask (90 % of those the total number of respondents) named motor vehicles the main source of air pollution. Is Point By Point. Second place (8% of respondents) took construction road repairs and the third – garbage burning. (Impacts and Environmental management in Thailand, 2002) Thus, we see that motor vehicles are significant contributor to the overall air pollution. Kellogg Essays 2009. In order to improve the what, situation and decrease the level of emission produced y cars and essay on alzheimer's disease motorcycles, the Thai government needs to foster efficient and less pollute vehicles on one hand, and is point thesis encourage citizens to use those vehicles on research, the other hand. As for the former, official authorities have to adopt higher emission standards for automobiles and what is mostly important to help companies to meet them. It can be done in the following way: Tax privileges for companies that produce certain amount of less pollute vehicles; To ensure Governmental orders for thesis, those vehicles; To provide financial support for companies who work out special technologies that facilitate the process of for writing essays creating less pollute vehicles. To encourage citizens to widely use those vehicles, the Government needs to: Launch special public campaign that would educate citizens informing about is point thesis, benefits they could get buying less pollute vehicles.

This campaign might include TV commercials, media articles, public speeches etc. Economics. Tax reduction or tax elimination for those conscious citizens who use those cars and motorcycles. The government can also provide special grants or licenses for companies who produce special vehicles and intend to what is point thesis sell them abroad. Below, the short overview of special technologies that can reduce the amount of emission produced by vehicles and other necessary procedures pertaining to vehicles polluting capacities is transitions, provided. First of all, there exist new technologies, such as catalytic converters, that are able to make gasoline vehicles engines more efficient and less polluting. The implementation of more stringent tail pipe emissions standards will reduce PM (particular matter) emissions for new diesel vehicles.

In fact, there exist Euro 1 and Euro 2 standards of diesel vehicle emissions. The indicators of these standards of emissions are quite high. To meet them, it is necessary that all diesel engines have direct fuel injections and computerized engine maintenance system. Another alternative is to increase the production of four-stroke motorcycles, which are less polluting and have better fuel-efficiency than those who have just two strokes. In fact, nowadays, the highly used are two-stroke engines, which are extremely dangerous. It is well known that two-stroke engines have only one revolution and must use a mixture of oil and fuel that burns incompletely. Then almost 25% of that oil and fuel is what thesis, spit out, unburned, through exhaust.

The use of two-stroke vehicles can seriously endanger the flourishing of disease Thai tourist industry. Therefore, four-strokes engine production is very important. Is Point By Point Thesis. The four-stroke versions are much cleaner. Judy Brady I Want A Wife Essay. The operating cost, however, may be lower as they are more fuel-efficient. Along with stricter and higher emissions standards for vehicles, it is thesis, also necessary for the Government to tighten vehicle maintenance and inspection policies. Judy Brady I Want A Wife Essay. It means that, for instance, every city should have a special agency that is the head responsible for checking all the vehicles intended for public transportation and those of private use. Emissions inspection and by point improving maintenance requirements, particularly for high-use diesel vehicles are significant issue. This kind of checking will ensure that a vehicle still can be used on kellogg essays, the road without substantial danger for the citizens. Is Point. It is also absolutely necessary to ensure installation of smoke filtration equipment in sample paper on teenage pregnancy, vehicles.

According to World Bank recommendations (2002), the Government also needs to require manufacturers to install exhaust catalysts for gasoline vehicles. This will not increase cost of production substantially (just about by 2%), but will drastically reduce Carbon Monoxide, Hydrocarbons and Oxides of Nitrogen. It is also quite efficient to reduce sulfur in diesel fuel. Sulfur content of automotive diesel is 2,000 ppm and the Clean Air Act requires reduction to 500 ppm by 2004– the what by point, norm used by many countries today. (World Bank, 2002) Here, it also necessary to mention that the level of essays lead should be substantially decreased. Lead is what by point, a great-white metal that is soft, malleable, ductile, and resistant to corrosion.

Sources of transitions essays lead resulting in concentration in the air include industrial sources and crustal weathering of soils followed by fugitive dust emissions. Health effects from exposure to lead include brain and kidney damage, and learning disabilities. Thus, all the what is point thesis, above recommendations will help to for writing essays enhance vehicles emission reduction while encouraging people to widely use new less pollute vehicle in their day-to-day lives. 2. Improving public transportation management. The major problem with public transportation in Thailand is its low level of diversification and thus high level of those transportation vehicles that produce high levels of emission.

The diversification means that buses should be complemented with railway vehicles including subways. Skytrain is an excellent low polluting alternative as well. Generally, in Bangkok all public transportation is run by Bangkok Mass Transit Authority and Bangkok Transit System. The first one is in what, charge of all wheel transport, i.e. public buses. The second one takes care of Thailand light rail system. Both report to the Ministry of research paper economics Transport and Communications. To improve public transportation in Thailand, it is necessary to make the following steps: Increase the number of what is point by point Euro2 buses running.

Those are buses that have lower emission and higher speed. As BMTA reports, it has launched Euro 2 buses. Yet, there are not enough of them to satisfy all public needs. On Alzheimer's. Implement more bus lanes to decrease the pressure in by point, peak times. In fact, the Thailand Environmental Monitor suggests providing 12-corridor bus-lanes 110 km long. Moreover, it is also necessary to provide adequate sidewalks and bicycle lanes that will encourage people to use public transportation, carpool, and bicycle or just walk small distances.

Implement mass rapid transit system. Interestingly that Thailand’s rail transportation, which dates back more than century, is extensive, covering 4,000 kilometers on three lines, intersecting in Bangkok. The system currently offers affordable transportation from the Malaysian border to northernmost provinces in the west. Thus, it has good capacity. However, this capacity needs to be further developed into rapid transit system, which is on alzheimer's, able to substitute highly pollute bus transportation. Providing more trains and higher speed it can merely double the what thesis, number of passengers transported. Develop Skytrain system. As BTS reports, the BTS Skytrain is the safest, most comfortable and convenient way to get around Bangkok. In service since December 5, 1999, it has transformed the face of kellogg 2009 public transportation in what thesis, the Thai capital, offering both residents and research visitors a comfortable ride through central Bangkok lifting them above the chronic congestion, noise and pollution of the streets below.

Not only what by point thesis Sky train is merely pollution free, it is also very comfortable, quick and research on teenage efficient. The BTS Sky Train’s high-capacity operating system ensures almost no breakdowns and a virtual 100% punctuality. Each train can carry over 1,000 passengers while a similar number of people would use 800 cars. Thus BTS Skytrain is the what is point, most environmentally friendly mass transit system in Thailand. Moreover, it is quite inexpensive and sample safe. However, the main problem pertaining to this means of transportation is that there are not so many lines where it can be used. Thus, the by point thesis, primary task of the Government regarding the environmental issue of cleaner air is extending Sky Train system and making this means of transportation more available for public use. It is an issue of crucial importance for the Government to promote and assist in production and launching of public transport, which is able to work using electricity, such as electric tricycle, electric bus, and electric-motorcycle. These kinds of products are not yet so much widely used and produced.

Those are very commercial products. Economics. Therefore, they need special governmental care and support. Yet, since highly popularized and widely used, they can become serious “air saviors” as opposite to regular oil cars. In such away all the above procedures are able to improve public transportation management thus enhancing the issue of environmental safety, air pollution decrease in particular. 3. Adopting legislature obliging industries to reduce emission. It is very important for Government to what is point oblige industrial firms to cut their pollution levels. Certainly, it requires substantial costs, because factories need to adopt cleaner production patterns, energy efficiency and advanced emissions control technologies. Yet, the problem might occur with small plants, which do not have enough financial resources to sample research paper afford such substantial investments.

However, social responsibility issue, including the one of environment, is what by point, becoming more and more important. Transitions Essays. Therefore, all the companies need to is point by point thesis realize that by brady essay, cooperating with Government and what is point by point enhancing decrease in air pollution levels they are actually improving their public image and provide wide market for their products or services. However, it is the primary task of Government to stimulate or reinforce the implementation of cleaning technologies. The incentives for industrial corporations to implement cleaning technologies may include: Tax extension for a certain period; Tax reduction or tax privileges for implementing certain type of technology; Allowing faster depreciation; Granting certain political privileges; Encouraging cooperation among companies to provide patterns of research paper on teenage scientific technology needed to be implemented in what, internal production processes. Such incentives might stimulate companies to work more efficiently and enhance further social responsibility. As for smaller companies, Government needs either support them financially directly or encourage bigger companies to provide certain help.

It is also very helpful for Government to establish special fund that will accumulate money needed to acquire necessary technology and implement them in production. However, it is not only necessary to provide incentives for the companies, but also take serious measures to sample research paper on teenage ultimately punish those who fail to comply with the is point by point thesis, overall governmental requirements. Those punishments might include: Here, it also necessary to mention that the level of lead should be substantially decreased. Lead is a great-white metal that is soft, malleable, ductile, and resistant to corrosion.

Sources of lead resulting in 2009, concentration in the air include industrial sources and crustal weathering of soils followed by fugitive dust emissions. Health effects from exposure to lead include brain and kidney damage, and learning disabilities. As it was already mentioned, the second place as the major polluter according to by point thesis public perception took the railroad construction. Thus, along with factories, construction industry is to essay on alzheimer's disease be obliged to control dust on the roads as well. It should be the responsibility of those construction workers to enhance road cleanness and dust control. In fact, here local inspections that provide special checking can be of great help. Thus, Government should necessarily provide relevant legislature that would oblige companies to implement pollution reduction technologies on one hand, and provide effective incentives and support to what is point thesis facilitate the process of implementation of those technologies. 4. Strengthening institutional effectiveness. This issue contains the important implications of local government decentralization. Economics. Simply saying, in order to by point thesis enhance and improve institutional effectiveness and thus pursue environmental care it is for writing, necessary to:

Improve the coordination between the agencies that have different function regarding the what is point, air pollution problems. Currently, Government agencies include: Pollution Control Department (PCD) Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) Department of Industrial Work (DIW) Department of Land Transport (DLT) Office of the Commission of for the Management of Land Traffic (OCMLT) Expand local Government role. It is not a secret that for a central government it is oftentimes very difficult to control all the programs and procedures concerning different environmental programs. Pregnancy. Therefore, some delegation of authority should be distributed to the lower level in order to enhance efficiency of those environmental problems. 5. Broadening public involvement in air quality management. All Governmental efforts might turn absolutely useless if not providing public support and assistance. Thus, it is a crucial task for the Government to ensure wide public involvement in air quality management. This could be accomplished using the following means: Broad educational and informational programs, which were already mentioned.

They could increase public awareness about possible health danger of their own and what is even worse the health danger of their children. Schools and different educational institutions should play major role in this process. Moreover, it is absolutely necessary to establish required course that would discuss such a vulnerable issue as air pollution. By Point. Involvement of public communities in environmental programs. The local government should take active part in arranging and stimulating those programs. Examples of how the judy brady, public can contribute include car-pooling using mass transit; walking; biking; using energy efficient appliances; utilizing air conditioners wisely with non-ozone depleting (Chlorofluorocarbons -free) refrigerants; regularly maintaining cars and making sure these meet emission standards; composting waste; planting trees; and reporting smoke-belching vehicles to is point by point thesis relevant authorities. Transitions For Writing. Enforce the ban on waste burning in cities. Is Point Thesis. The Government needs to promote and public needs to adequately respond to an urgent need for waste recycling, composting and sanitary land filling. Support and collaborate with the private sector, associations, independent groups and all categories of of knowledge essay mass media to participate in public relations efforts and campaigns to educate and increase understanding and awareness of hazardous threats from pollutants in air, and be informed of enforcement of laws against is point all categories of polluters. It is the primary task of Government to support study, research and training in technologies for control and eradication of essay disease polluted air, including improving and maintaining machinery to decrease air pollution. This kind of studies should be highly taught within different communities and corporations.

Public awareness about safety issues should be increased using different kinds of is point by point meetings with medical staff. These meetings can be organized within local communities as not official ones. They can be also organized on the highest levels as different conferences and seminars to share the knowledge as to on alzheimer's disease how improve public health, how to prevent different serious disasters associated with air pollution. This kind of conferences should be held not less than once a year and its result should be published and distributed. Society must be engaged in the environmental activities. Yet, it is very hard to do when people do not know what kind of problems they are to what by point thesis face and why those problems are so extremely serious. 6. Implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) It has already been mentioned that one of the challenges on the way to implement and research pregnancy develop different environmental issues, including air pollution is high cost.

The main funding mechanism of different environmental programs is by point, so-called Clean Development mechanism (CDM). CDM allows different countries – developing as well as developed – to work together to achieve Kyoto protocol targets. (Kyoto protocol is an international agreement that obliges countries that signed it to take specific and serious measures to enhance environmental safety issues.) As Thailand Environment monitor reports, once the Kyoto protocol has been ratified internationally, and the CDM is operational, developing countries will be able to obtain funding for projects aimed at greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions, while developed countries can use these emission reductions towards their Kyoto compliance limitations. Thailand’s GHG emission is expected to double by essay on alzheimer's disease, 2020. (Greenhouse gas is what is point, gas such as CO2, CH4, NO2, which increase global temperature by trapping solar electromagnetic radiation). The bulk of greenhouse emissions are energy, agriculture, and waste sectors. Thus, they should become the primary focus of CDM initiatives. The efficient CDM strategy should include: Reducing CO2 in the energy sector; Converting CH4 from waste to energy; Sequestering CO2 through reforestation and afforestation activities.

According to Thailand Environment Monitoring, in order for Thailand to on alzheimer's disease engage and gain benefits from the CDM market, it is necessary to do the what is point thesis, following: Create national CDM authority that would implement and control different CDM activities; To create special investment funds and to ensure transparent process of investment for all interested in CDM programs; Establish efficient mechanism that would ensure wide public participation in different CDM programs; Ensure that all investments made in CDM are in compliance with existing country’s environmental impact assessment requirements; Those procedures are needed to be undertaken in order for the country to essays catch existing opportunities in the global market and on the worldwide arena. Kyoto Protocol, in fact, has serious implications for those countries that signed it. To be specific, if the country is the member of this Protocol, it has substantial privileges meaning that it is able to market own opportunities on one hand. What Thesis. However, on the other hand, all members of the agreement accept serious obligations and need to research pregnancy ensure the compliance with certain environmental requirements, which should not exceed given levels or given norms. 7. Expanding monitoring policies. Monitoring is a central issue in the policy of air quality management programs.

In order for what is point by point, the monitoring to be effective, it is necessary to: Establish extensive network of monitoring centers. Those centers might be established on the state level, as well as on the level of each particular city. Moreover, it is even better that each particular city has own monitoring center and is able to share its knowledge and experience with the others. Judy I Want A Wife. Central monitoring institution should provide coordination and control of all the rest monitoring centers around the is point by point, country. It is necessary for monitoring networks to provide frequent and relevant information upon any issues of research paper economics concern in order to ensure in time quality control and measures. Otherwise, the efficiency of those networks is questionable. For instance, if there is a danger of increased level of what is point dangerous components in the air, public should be immediately informed to be able to save their health from such a disaster. Yet, it is important to emphasize that such information must be absolutely relevant and hundred percent proven. Kellogg 2009. Otherwise, it might cause unnecessary panic in is point by point, society and undermine government’s capability to sample research paper pregnancy handle the situation.

Finally, efficient monitoring should be based on constant public involvement. Simply saying, Government needs to ensure that wide audience has an access to monitoring center information and the latter can get a feedback from the by point, people in the form of different noticed alarming signs, different ideas how to improve existing situation, suggestions and comments. If this kind of two-way communication with society is ensured, it will help not only to increase the efficiency of monitoring problems, but also engage public into active participation in environmental problems, air quality management in particular. Air pollution in Thailand is one of the most serious environmental issues. High levels of pollution endanger public health, decrease efficiency in production, and provoke serious climatic changes on the global level. Therefore, this issue should be resolved immediately. For the Government of essay on alzheimer's Thailand, it is important to undertake the following steps to resolve and improve the situation with the air quality within the country:

Adopt relevant legislature to reduce vehicles emission and to is point by point thesis oblige companies to implement cleaning technology or technologies that reduce dangerous emission substantially; Encourage production and use of less pollute vehicles, such as four-stroke motorcycles. Essays 2009. Effective public transportation management; Reduce the amount of lead in gasoline; Engage public in different environmental programs through vast system of education and information; Ensure effective CDM implementation; Develop broad monitoring sysstem.