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Sample Lab Report #2

Scientific lab report format

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Bibliography management with bibtex. L a T e X supports bibliographies out of the box, either embedding the references in your document or storing them in an external file. This article explains how to manage bibliography with the thebibliography environment and the BibTeX system. Note: If you are starting from scratch it's recommended to use biblatex since that package provides localization in several languages, it's actively developed and makes bibliography management easier and scientific format more flexible. Standard bibliography commands in L a T e X have a similar syntax to that of essay grandmother lists and items.

The environment thebibliography produces a list of references; such list will be titled References in a article document class, and Bibliography in book and report document classes. A parameter inside braces, 9 in the example, indicates the number of entries to be added; this parameter can not be greater than 99. Scientific Lab Report Format? To create a bibliography entry the command bibitem is cherokee v georgia essay, used. A parameter inside braces is set to label this entry and can later be used as identifier for this reference. After the closing brace the text with the scientific name of the v georgia essay author, the book title, publisher and so on is entered. Share L a T e X provides several templates with pre-defined styles to lab report format, manage bibliography. See this link. The example presented in the introduction only contains list of references, the next example shows how to essay of internet in marathi, cite the entries of that list within the scientific format document. The command cite insert the number corresponding to on uses of internet, the bibliography entry whose label is passed inside braces. Lab Report? For example, the output of cite is [2].

The information printed by v georgia essay the command cite depends on the bibliography style used. See Bibtex bibliography styles. [edit] Bibliography management with Bibtex. BibTeX is a widely used bibliography management tool in L a T e X , with BibTeX the bibliography entries are kept in a separate file and then imported into lab report format the main document. Once the external bibliography file is imported, the command cite is used just as in natalie the introductory example. Below, a description of the commands: bibliography Imports the BibTeX file sample.bib to display the bibliography. To import several .bib files just write them comma-separated inside the braces, the file extension is not necessary. bibliographystyle Sets the bibliography style to be used in this document. The information displayed depends on the bibliography style used, even if the entry contains information about the date, author, title, publisher and abstract, the style used might only print the title and scientific lab report the author. See Bibtex bibliography styles which contains examples of the default bibliography styles in L a T e X . cite This will print a number of text, depending on the bibliography style, to reference the bibliography entry whose label is passed to the command. In this case, the label einstein produces [2].

Note: Unicode characters are not supported on BibTeX. Makes A House? Also, if there are too many bibliography entries (+100) it may not work properly. See the further reading section for lab report, links to other bibliography management tools . Bibliographic references are usually kept in a bibliography file whose extension is .bib, this file consists of a list of records and fields . Each bibliography record holds relevant information for a single entry. Dessay Naouri? This file contains records in a special format, for instance, the lab report first bibliographic reference is defined by: @article This is the first line of dessay a record entry, @article denotes the entry type and tells BibTeX that the scientific information stored here is about an article. Besides the entry types shown in the example ( article , book and misc ) there are a lot more, see the reference guide. einstein The label einstein is assigned to this entry, is an identifier that can be used to refer this article within the makes essay document. author = Albert Einstein, This is the first field in the bibliography entry, indicates that the author of lab report this article is Albert Einstein. Several comma-separated fields can be added using the what a home essay same syntax key = value , for instance: title, pages, year, URL, etc. See the reference guide for a list of possible fields. The information in scientific format this file can later be used within a L a T e X document to include these references, as shown in the next subsection. [edit] Adding the bibliography in the table of contents. There are two ways of including the bibliography in the table of contents, either manually adding it or using the of internet package tocbibind (recommended).

To add it manually just insert the next line right before the command begin or bibliography. for books and format reports or. for articles. If you prefer to what makes a house a home, use tocbibind see the next example. Lab Report Format? Adding the line. to the preamble will print the what makes a house essay References or Bibliography in the table of contents, depending on the document type. Lab Report? Be careful, it will also add other elements like the Index, Glossary and list of Listings to the table of contents. For more information see [the tocbibind package documentation].

Standard entry types. article Article from a magazine or journal book A published book booklet A work that is printed but have no publisher or sponsoring institution conference An article in a conference proceedings inbook A part of a book (section, chapter and so on) incollection A part of about grandmother a book having its own title inproceedings An article in a conference proceedings manual Technical documentation masterthesis A Master's thesis misc Something that doesn't fit in any other type phdthesis A PhD thesis proceedings The same as conference techreport Report published by an institution unpublished Document not formally published, with author and title.

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Sample Lab Report #2

Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. One of the scientific format, first things you'll discover as a college student is that writing in college is different from college essay grandmother writing in high school. Certainly a lot of what your high school writing teachers taught you will be useful to you as you approach writing in lab report format college: you will want to write clearly, to have an interesting and essay of internet arguable thesis, to construct paragraphs that are coherent and focused, and so on. Still, many students enter college relying on writing strategies that served them well in lab report high school but that won't serve them well here. Old formulae, such as the a home, five-paragraph theme, aren't sophisticated or flexible enough to provide a sound structure for a college paper. Scientific Lab Report Format! And many of the old tricks - such as using elevated language or repeating yourself so that you might meet a ten-page requirement - will fail you now. So how does a student make a successful transition from high school to college? The first thing that you'll need to understand is that writing in college is for the most part a particular kind of writing, called academic writing. While academic writing might be defined in many ways, there are three concepts that you need to cherokee essay understand before you write your first academic paper.

1. Scientific Format! Academic writing is writing done by scholars for other scholars. Writing done by scholars for scholars? Doesn't that leave you out? Actually, it doesn't. What A House A Home Essay! Now that you are in college you are part of a community of scholars. As a college student, you will be engaged in activities that scholars have been engaged in for centuries: you will read about, think about, argue about, and write about great ideas. Of course, being a scholar requires that you read, think, argue, and lab report write in certain ways. Types Of Research! Your education will help you to understand the scientific lab report format, expectations, conventions, and requirements of on uses scholarship. If you read on, so will this Web site.

2. Academic writing is lab report format devoted to topics and cherokee questions that are of interest to the academic community. Scientific Lab Report Format! When you write an academic paper, you must first try to find a topic or a question that is are ways to start relevant and appropriate - not only to you, but to the academic community of which you are now a part. But how do you know when a topic is relevant and appropriate to this community? First of all, pay attention to what your professor is saying. She will certainly be giving you a context into which you can place your questions and observations. Second, understand that your paper should be of lab report interest to other students and scholars. Natalie! Remember that academic writing must be more than personal response.

You must write something that your readers will find useful. In other words, you will want to write something that helps your reader to better understand your topic, or to scientific lab report see it in a new way. 3. This brings us to our final point: Academic writing should present the reader with an informed argument. To construct an informed argument, you must first try to sort out what you know about a subject from what you think about a subject. Or, to put it another way, you will want to consider what is known about a subject and then to determine what you think about essay about it. If your paper fails to inform, or if it fails to argue, then it will fail to meet the expectations of the academic reader. Constructing An Informed Argument. When you sit down to write an academic paper, you'll first want to consider what you know about your topic. Different writing assignments require different degrees of knowing. A short paper written in response to a viewing of Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window, for example, may not require you to be familiar with Hitchcock's other works.

It may not even require you to have mastered the terms important to format film criticism - though clearly any knowledge you bring to the film might help you to essay make a thoughtful response to it. However, if you are asked to write an academic paper on the film, then you will want to know more. You will want to have certain terms in scientific format hand so that you can explain what Hitchcock is essay of internet doing in key moments. You will want to be familiar with Hitchcock's other films so that you can understand what themes are important to him and his work. Moreover, if you are watching this film in an upper-level film class, you will want to be aware of scientific format different critical perspectives on essay Hitchcock's films and on films in scientific lab report format general, so that you can place your argument within the larger ongoing conversation.

When you sit down to write an academic paper, ask yourself these questions: Can I answer the natalie naouri, questions who, what, when, where, why, how? What do I know about the scientific lab report, context of my topic? What historical or cultural influences do I know about of research that might be important to my topic? Does my topic belong to any particular genre or category of topics? What do I know about this genre?

What seems important to me about this topic? If I were to summarize what I know about this topic, what points would I focus on? What points seem less important? Why do I think so? How does this topic relate to other things that I know?

What do I know about the topic that might help my reader to understand it in new ways? What do I need to know? How can I find out more? You'll discover as you consider the questions listed above that you are moving beyond what you know about a topic and scientific format are beginning to consider what you think. In the process of on uses really thinking about your topic, your aim is to come up with a fresh observation.

After all, it's not enough to summarize in a paper what is already known and talked about. You must also add something of your own to the conversation. Understand, however, that adding something of your own is not an invitation simply to bring your own personal associations, reactions, or experiences to the reading of scientific lab report a text. To create an informed argument, you must first recognize that your writing should be analytical rather than personal. In other words, your writing must show that your associations, reactions, and experiences of a text have been framed in what to start a critical, rather than a personal, way. How does one move from personal response to analytical writing? First, summarize what the primary text is saying.

You'll notice that you can construct several different summaries, depending on your agenda. Returning to the example of Hitchcock's film, you might make a plot summary, a summary of its themes, a summary of its editing, and so on. You can also summarize what you know about the scientific lab report format, film in context. Cherokee V Georgia Essay! In other words, you might write a summary of the difficulties Hitchcock experienced in the film's production, or you might write a summary of how this particular movie complements or challenges other films in the Hitchcock canon. You can also summarize what others have said about the scientific lab report format, film. Film critics have written much about Hitchcock, his films, and essay their genre. Try to summarize all that you know.

The process of evaluation is an ongoing one. You evaluate a text the moment you encounter it, and you continue to evaluate and to re-evaluate as you go along. Evaluating a text is scientific different from simply reacting to a text. When you evaluate for an academic purpose, it is important to be able to clearly articulate and to support your own personal response. What in the text is essay leading you to respond a certain way? What's not in format the text that might be contributing to types of research for dissertation your response? Watching Hitchcock's film, you are likely to have found yourself feeling anxious, caught up in the film's suspense.

What in the film is making you feel this way? The editing? The acting? Can you point to a moment in the film that is particularly successful in creating suspense? In asking these questions, you are straddling two intellectual processes: experiencing your own personal response, and analyzing the text. Constructing an informed argument asks you first to analyze - that is, to consider the parts of your topic and then to examine how these parts relate to each other or to scientific format the whole. To analyze Hitchcock's film, you may want to college essay break the scientific, film down by examining particular scenes, point of view, camera movements, and of internet so on.

In short, you'll want to ask: What are the components of Hitchcock's film, and how do these components contribute to the film's theme? How do they contribute to Hitchcock's work as a whole? When you analyze, you break the whole into parts so that you might see the format, whole differently. In the natalie dessay naouri, process of format analysis, you find things that you might say. When you analyze, you break down a text into its parts. When you synthesize, you look for a house a home essay, connections between ideas. Scientific Format! Consider once again the a house essay, Hitchcock film. In analyzing this film, you might come up with elements that seem initially disparate.

You may have some observations that at first don't seem to gel. Or you may have read various critical perspectives on scientific the film, all of them in disagreement with one another. Now would be the time to consider whether these disparate elements or observations might be reconciled, or synthesized. This intellectual exercise requires that you create an umbrella argument - some larger argument under which several observations and perspectives might stand. Many students writing in college have trouble figuring out what constitutes an appropriate topic. Sometimes the professor will provide you with a prompt. She will give you a question to explore, or a problem to what a house essay resolve. When you are given a prompt by your professor, be sure to read it carefully. Scientific Lab Report Format! Your professor is setting the parameters of the assignment for essay of internet in marathi, you. She is telling you what sort of paper will be appropriate. In many cases, however, the lab report format, professor won't provide you with a prompt.

She might not even give you a topic. For example, in v georgia a psychology course you might be asked to lab report format write a paper on any theory or theories of what are ways an essay self. Your professor has given you a subject, but she has not given you a topic. Nor has she told you what the paper should look like. Should it summarize one of the theories of self? Should it compare two or more theories? Should it place these theories into some historical context? Should it take issue with these theories, pointing out their limitations?

At this juncture, you have two options: talk to lab report format the professor and see what her expectations are, or figure out naouri this matter for yourself. It's always a good idea to talk with the format, professor. About! At the lab report, very least, you'll want to find out if the what are ways to start, professor wants a report or a paper . In other words, is your professor looking for information or argument ? Chances are she'll want you to make an format, argument. It will be up to of research you to narrow your topic and to make sure that it's appropriately academic. As you think about a topic, ask yourself the following questions: Have you formed an format, intellectual question? In other words, have you constructed a question that will require a complex, thoughtful answer? Is the question provocative? Startling? Controversial? Fresh?

Will you be able to answer this question adequately in a few pages? Or is the natalie, question impossibly broad? If the format, question seems broad, how might you narrow it? Does your question address both text and context? In other words, have you considered the historical and cultural circumstances that influenced this text? Have you considered what other scholars have said about it? Will your reader care about types of research for dissertation this question?

Or will she say, So what? For more advice on this matter, consult Coming Up With Your Topic elsewhere in this Web site. When writing an academic paper, you must not only scientific format, consider what you want to say, you must also consider to whom you are saying it. In other words, it's important to about determine not only what you think about a topic, but also what your audience is lab report likely to think. What are your audience's biases? Values? Expectations? Knowledge? To whom are you writing, and for what purpose?

When you begin to on uses of internet answer all of these questions, you have started to reckon with what has been called the rhetorical stance. Scientific Format! Rhetorical stance refers to the position you take as a writer in terms of the subject and the reader of natalie your paper. Let's first consider your relationship to your topic. When you write a paper, you take a stand on a topic. You determine whether you are for scientific format, or against, passionate or cool-headed. You determine whether you are going to view this topic through a particular perspective (feminist, for example), or whether you are going to v georgia essay make a more general response. You also determine whether you are going to analyze your topic through the lens of a particular discipline - history, for scientific format, example. Your stance on the topic depends on college about the many decisions you have made in the reading and thinking processes. In order to make sure that your stance on a topic is appropriately analytical, you might want to ask yourself some questions.

Begin by asking why you've taken this particular stance. Why did you find some elements of the text more important than others? Does this prioritizing reflect some bias or preconception on your part? If you dismissed part of a text as boring or unimportant, why did you do so? Do you have personal issues or experiences that lead you to be impatient with certain claims? Is there any part of your response to the text that might cause your reader to discount your paper as biased or un-critical? If so, you might want to lab report reconsider your position on your topic. Your position on a topic does not by itself determine your rhetorical stance. You must also consider your reader. In the college classroom, the audience is usually the professor or your classmates - although occasionally your professor will instruct you to write for a more particular or more general audience.

No matter who your reader is, you will want to consider him carefully before you start to write. What do you know about your reader and his stance towards your topic? What is he likely to know about the topic? What biases is essay of internet in marathi he likely to have? Moreover, what effect do you hope to have on scientific lab report format the reader?

Is your aim to be controversial? Informative? Entertaining? Will the reader appreciate or resent your intention? Once you have determined who your reader is, you will want to consider how you might best reach him. Makes A House A Home Essay! If, for example, you are an scientific format, authority on on uses of internet in marathi a subject and scientific you are writing to readers who know little or nothing about it, then you'll want to what makes essay take an informative stance. If you aren't yet confident about a topic, and you have more questions than answers, you might want to take an inquisitive stance. In any case, when you are deciding on a rhetorical stance, choose one that allows you to be sincere. You don't want to take an authoritative stance on a subject if you aren't confident about what you are saying. On the other hand, you can't avoid taking a position on scientific lab report format a subject: nothing is cherokee worse than reading a paper in format which the writer has refused to take a stance.

What if you are of two minds on a subject? Declare that to the reader. Make ambivalence your clear rhetorical stance. Finally, don't write simply to please your professor. Though some professors find it flattering to discover that all of essay on uses of internet their students share their positions on a subject, most of us are hoping that your argument will engage us by telling us something new about your topic - even if that something new is simply a fresh emphasis on a minor detail. Moreover, it is impossible for you to scientific lab report replicate the ideal paper that exists in your professor's head.

When you try, you risk having your analysis compared to your professor's. Do you really want that to essay grandmother happen? In high school you might have been taught various strategies for structuring your papers. Lab Report Format! Some of you might have been raised on the five paragraph theme, in which you introduce your topic, come up with three supporting points, and of research for dissertation then conclude by repeating what you've already said. Others of you might have been told that the best structure for a paper is the hour-glass model, in which you begin with a general statement, make observations that are increasingly specific, and lab report then conclude with a statement that is once again general. When you are writing papers in college, you will require structures that will support ideas that are more complex than the ones you considered in high school. Your professors might offer you several models for structuring your paper. They might tell you to order your information chronologically or spatially, depending on cherokee whether you are writing a paper for lab report, a history class or a course in art history. Or they may provide you with different models for argument: compare and for dissertation contrast, cause and effect, and scientific lab report so on.

But remember: the structure for your argument will in the end be determined by the content itself. No prefab model exists that will provide adequate structure for a house essay, the academic argument. (For more detailed advice on format various ways to structure your paper, see Writing: Considering Structure and Organization.) When creating an informed argument, you will want to rely on several organizational strategies, but you will want to keep some general advice in mind. Your introduction should accomplish two things: it should declare your argument, and what an essay it should place your argument within the larger, ongoing conversation about lab report your topic. Often writers will do the latter before they do the former. That is, they will begin by summarizing what other scholars have said about their topic, and then they will declare what they are adding to the conversation. Even when your paper is not a research paper you will be expected to introduce your argument as if into a larger conversation. Place your argument for your reader by naming the text, the author, the issues it raises, and your take on these issues. (For more specific advice on cherokee writing a good introduction, see Introductions and Conclusions.) Probably you were taught in high school that every paper must have a declared thesis, and that this sentence should appear at the end of the introduction. While this advice is scientific sound, a thesis is sometimes implied rather than declared in what are ways a text, and scientific it can appear almost anywhere - if the writer is skillful.

Whether your thesis appears at the end of the natalie dessay naouri, introduction or the end of your paper, it must make an arguable claim - that is, it should declare something that is scientific lab report interesting and cherokee v georgia essay debatable. Because your thesis is arguably the most important sentence in your paper, you will want to read more about it in Developing Your Thesis. Because every thesis presents an scientific, arguable point, you as a writer are obligated to acknowledge in your paper the other side(s) of an argument. Consider what your opponents might say against your argument. Then determine where and how you want to deal with the opposition.

Do you want to dismiss the opposition in natalie dessay the first paragraph? Do you want to list each opposing argument and rebut them one by one? Your decisions will determine how you structure your paper. Every convincing argument must have support. Your argument's support will be organized in your paper's paragraphs. Scientific Lab Report! These paragraphs must each declare a point, usually formed as that paragraph's topic sentence, or claim.

A topic sentence or claim is like a thesis sentence - except that instead of announcing the argument of the entire paper, it announces the cherokee, argument of that particular paragraph. Scientific Lab Report! In this way, the topic sentence controls the paper's evidence. The topic sentence is more flexible than the thesis in that it can more readily appear in different places within the paragraph. Most often, however, it appears at or near the beginning. For more information on structuring paragraphs, see Writing: Considering Structure and Organization. Writing a good conclusion is difficult. You will want to sum up, but you will want to do more than say what you have already said. Natalie! You will want to leave the reader with something to think about, but you will want to avoid preaching. You might want to point to a new idea or question, but you risk confusing the reader by introducing something that he finds irrelevant. Writing conclusions is, in part, a matter of finding the proper balance. For more instruction on scientific lab report how to dessay write a good conclusion, see Introductions and Conclusions.

OK: you think you understand what's required of you in an academic paper. Scientific! You need to be analytical. Cherokee Essay! Critical. You need to create an informed argument. You need to consider your relationship to your topic and to your reader. But what about the matter of finding an appropriate academic tone and style? The tone and style of academic writing might at first seem intimidating.

But they needn't be. Professors want students to scientific write clearly and intelligently on matters that they, the students, care about. V Georgia! What professors DON'T want is imitation scholarship - that is, exalted gibberish that no one cares about. If the lab report format, student didn't care to write the v georgia, paper, the professor probably won't care to read it. Scientific Lab Report! The tone of an academic paper, then, must be inviting to are ways an essay the reader, even while it maintains an appropriate academic style. Remember: professors are human beings, capable of boredom, laughter, irritation, and awe.

Understand that you are writing to a person who is delighted when you make your point clearly, concisely, and persuasively. Understand, too, that she is less delighted when you have inflated your prose, pumped up your page count, or tried to impress her by using terms that you didn't take the time to understand. In short, then, good academic writing follows the rules of good writing. If you'd like to format know more about how to improve your academic style, please see Attending to Style, elsewhere in natalie dessay naouri this Web site. But before you do, consider some of the scientific, following tips, designed to make the process of writing an academic paper go more smoothly: Rely on essay on uses in marathi evidence over feeling. Scientific Lab Report Format! You may be very passionate about a subject, but that's no excuse to allow rhetoric alone to carry the ball. Essay On Uses Of Internet In Marathi! Even if you have constructed some very pretty phrases to argue against genetic engineering, they won't mean much to your professor unless you back those pretty phrases with facts. Watch your personal pronouns.

Students often wonder if it's OK to use the pronouns I and you in a paper. In fact, it is OK - provided you use them understanding their effect. For example, overusing the I might make the reader feel that your paper is format overly subjective. In fact, when a writer too often invokes himself in the first person, he may be doing so to what makes a house essay avoid offering proof: It's my own personal opinion, and scientific format I have a right to it. I don't have to defend it. V Georgia Essay! But of course, he does. As to lab report using the cherokee essay, pronoun you: Do you really want to aim a remark directly at scientific lab report the reader?

Doing so draws the reader closer to natalie the text and invites a more subjective (and sometimes more intensely critical) response. Lab Report! If this kind of response is what you want, then by all means employ the you. However, you should also remember that certain academic disciplines (the sciences, for example) would frown on types of research design the use of these pronouns. Lab Report Format! When in are ways an essay doubt, ask. Watch your gendered pronouns. When you write, you'll want to make sure that you don't do anything to make your readers feel excluded. If you use he and him all the time, you are excluding half of your potential readership. We'll acknowledge that the he/she solution is a bit cumbersome in writing. However, you might solve the problem as we have done in this document: by alternating he and she throughout. Other writers advocate always using she instead of he as a way of acknowledging a long-standing exclusion of women from texts. Whatever decision you make in the end, be sensitive to its effect on lab report format your readers.

Be aware of discipline-specific differences. Each of the academic disciplines has its own way of constructing knowledge, of organizing that knowledge, of using evidence, and of communicating within the field. These differences, which run very deep, also express themselves in natalie naouri terms of tone and style. Scientific! If you need more information about discipline-specific issues, talk to cherokee essay your professor. Read deeply in the discipline with the aim of trying to scientific lab report understand how people working within this discipline are constructing knowledge. And for matters regarding style, citation, and so forth, check out a relevant style manual, such as the MLA or APA style sheets. Avoid mechanical errors. No matter what audience you're writing for, you'll want to produce text that is error-free.

Errors in grammar and style slow your reader down. Sometimes they even obscure your meaning. Always proofread your text before passing it on on uses of internet in marathi to your reader. If you find that you are making a lot of errors and want help with grammar and lab report format style, consult a handbook or see Attending to Grammar and Attending to Style elsewhere in of research for dissertation this Web site. You might also contact RWIT for help.

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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and scientific lab report, grammar. A resume must be framed and natalie, formatted to present you in the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to scientific format, those looking to format their own resumes. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the link below. How to Choose the Best Resume Format.

Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . What To Start An Essay? Each resume format has their own set of lab report format advantages and about, disadvantages for different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Check out the format in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of essay of internet in marathi information needed to create the best resume for scientific you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and v georgia, include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from lab report format, newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience.

This structure allows you to present yourself in essay terms of scientific format your promotions and are ways, upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. Scientific Lab Report? I want to design, apply to a job in a similar field. I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs.

To learn more about what should be in included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of most relevant to least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of lab report your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is hiding something. By using the for dissertation functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is scientific format, beneficial.

I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in college grandmother my employment history. I am in the midst of format a big career change into a new industry. Natalie Naouri? I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility.

I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the scientific reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. What Makes A House Essay? Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to the job opening. (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and scientific lab report format, additional sections. (This is the dessay naouri reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set. I want to transfer to a different industry. I am a master at what I do.

I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. Scientific Lab Report? I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and what an essay, skills. To learn more about what should be in format included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at the bottom of the page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job?

Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to what makes a house a home, Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume?

Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from scientific, social service in are ways a combination or functional resume. Good luck on scientific format the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. What To Start An Essay? Best of luck on the job hunt!

We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Scientific Lab Report Format? Good luck! I did a career shift recently to college grandmother, teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and development. Scientific Lab Report Format? I have recently completed a graduate degree in cherokee v georgia essay education and have 2 years of scientific teaching experience in a preschool setting and trying to now make the essay about grandmother shift to elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for format your situation. Cherokee V Georgia Essay? Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples. For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the scientific internship go above or below the primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of my employment with them.

Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. On Uses Of Internet? Good luck! I have what I perceive to be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to scientific, get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at 19 in 2006 and cherokee essay, got out in lab report format 2013. From 2013 until January of this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to stay on top of my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and clubs at night. I am currently looking for an internship as part of my degree program so i need to create a resume. Essay On Uses? I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to format, blur the past 3 years. However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume.

I need to know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for.

Good luck on types of research design for dissertation the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. Scientific? I have never had to write a resume for any of natalie dessay naouri my other jobs so I’m at lab report format a loss as to dessay, what to do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year. Format? Therefore I’m not really sure how to approach this and college essay about grandmother, I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on format the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt.

Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over of research 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for scientific two years till moved to naouri, this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me?

In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in a different company. Now I want to apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). I am confused which format I should choose to post for scientific lab report format this job opportunity. Essay In Marathi? Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut.

However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to lab report format, the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on natalie the job hunt! I am now trying to rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Scientific Format? Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on Long Island as their first ever Director of PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and dessay, I moved to scientific lab report format, Switzerland and just returned after 7 years.

I was a teacher of essay on uses of internet English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in scientific almost any capacity: From Communications manager to cherokee v georgia essay, administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the lab report format history and why I would be a good fit for design any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas. Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out scientific lab report this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions.

While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for 2 years. I have recently worked at the National Instituted of what an essay Health for a year. I currently want to scientific format, go back to finding an office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use? Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate.

Best of luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an essay about, administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Scientific Format? Good luck on the job hunt! Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if I’ve been at what a house a home essay the same position for lab report 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role?

Thanks! List your current position first. Best of natalie luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Lab Report? Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice.

Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the natalie resume format, but when in lab report doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on natalie dessay naouri your resume objective to get your application started on the right foot. Scientific? https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the on uses soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of scientific these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide.

Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to someone of your experience, even with the of internet in marathi career change. Good luck making the shift back into your previous field! If you are aiming for lab report a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship! Share Resume Format Guide – Reverse-Chronological, Functional, #038; Combination Styles Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and what a house, PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of lab report Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume.

Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and learn how to dessay, make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. Format? See why.

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Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the essay grandmother call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on scientific lab report some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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Feel free to use them while writing your own argumentative essay. Argumentative Essay Example on are ways an essay, Doublethink. 50 Most Popular Argumentative Essay Topics. Genetic research; is it complicating or simplifying the lives of humans? Where do science and religion conquer and is there a middle ground?

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Great Barrier Reef coral bleaching: How tourists can help save the reef. Last updated 13:40, April 27 2017. Another mass bleaching has affected vast areas of the Great Barrier Reef. The news from the Great Barrier Reef is catastrophic, and lab report has made headline news around the world. In March, scientists from the about grandmother Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and the Australian Institute of Marine Science announced that – for the first time – the only living organism on Earth that can be seen from outer space has suffered two consecutive summers of coral bleaching. The worst bleaching last year hit the northernmost, least-visited third of the reef. Since the reef is roughly the same size and shape of Italy, imagine the underwater equivalents of the Dolomites, Venice, Milan, Turin and the Italian lakes being affected. Researcher Grace Frank completing bleaching surveys.

But this year the bleaching has reached the Cairns/Townsville central section of the reef – think Rome, Florence, Siena and Pisa – the scientific lab report format heart of a $6 billion tourist industry. Dead table corals killed by bleaching on Zenith Reef. Then, just weeks later, Cyclone Debbie destroyed parts of the reef near the Whitsunday Islands. Think Sicily. At a time like this, there are only two things you can do. Book a trip to see the reef while it is essay about grandmother, still one the planet's primary travel experiences. The coral reef is under threat from record temperatures, over-fishing and pollution. Or join the lab report growing number of visitors who want to help save it for grandmother future generations.

Which explains why I'm diving 15 metres beneath the ocean surface on lab report Flynn Reef filling in my underwater homework. Yep, I've become a voluntraveller. A member of that growing brigade – from types, teenagers to grandparents – who would rather spend their time doing something useful on lab report holiday than merely lazing on a beach. Green turtles swimming in the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. I've told my divemaster, Simon Uren, that I'll follow behind the three women in our dive party because I've got to count every sea cucumber and every Nemo I see – then record it on my Citizen Science ReefCheck board which I received through the what a house essay post when I paid my A$25 (NZ$27) and signed up, online, as a REEFSearcher. Fortunately, Uren comes back several times to format, point out things I've missed, writing idiot-proof explanations on his own underwater white board. We do three dives that day to Coral Gardens, Gordon's Mooring and Tracy's Bommie, and thanks to Uren's patience – and my REEFSearcher role – I see things I've never noticed before, despite three decades of diving. The Reef from above.

Not everyone is impressed though. What An Essay! Over lunch I join three co-divers on the outside deck of SilverSwift (part of the scientific format Quicksilver Cruises fleet). One Japanese and two Dutch backpackers confess they are a bit underwhelmed, having had more colourful diving experiences in what makes a home Thailand, the Maldives or Hawaii. It's so brown, they complain. Lab Report! Why do they call it 'Great'? So let's remind ourselves why the Great Barrier Reef is of global significance. A clam is seen among the corals at the Great Barrier Reef. Well, apart from its sheer size at roughly 345,000 square metres, no other reef has so much biodiversity. It has more coral species, more fish species, more turtle species than anywhere else on earth. Unlike Hawaii or the Maldives, for example, (where coral atolls have grown up around huge underwater volcanoes providing a buffer against the ocean's might), the current Great Barrier Reef has endured for at least 6000 years.

The Great Barrier Reef in all its glory. Tiny brainless animals, mostly the size of types for dissertation a rice grain, have formed colonies, lived, died, and formed a massive, self-perpetuating undersea cemetery of their calcium carbonate skeletons. It may be the format world's largest reef system, but it actually consists of over 2900 individual reefs, and 900 islands from Cape York in the north to natalie dessay naouri, Bundaberg in scientific the south. That's around 2600 kilometres. Peter Gash, owner and manager of the cherokee v georgia Lady Elliot Island Eco Resort, snorkels during an inspection of the scientific lab report format reef#039;s condition. As for the brown, earthy colours of most of the coral here on the reef, that's how healthy coral should look (more of which later). Yet there's no doubt the natalie reef is facing unprecedented challenges – all linked to human activity. The coral bleaching is a reaction to higher water temperatures, caused by global warming. Scientific Lab Report Format! Devastating cyclones such as Yasi in 2011 and Debbie in March have become more frequent and more intense, another consequence of global warming. Vlasoff Cay, Queensland.

The Great Barrier Reef has dozens of tiny specks on the map. Finally, the Great Barrier Reef is subject to an infestation of coral-devouring crown-of-thorns starfish and the less well-known Drupella snail, which is cherokee v georgia essay, more of a problem on Western Australian reefs. Scientists say the lab report format starfish have reached plague proportions because of the nutrients from agricultural fertilisers being washed into the ocean. So if you're just as anxious to save the reef as you are to see it before it disappears, what can you do? EXPERT WITNESS 1: RICHARD FITZPATRICK. Apart from its sheer size at roughly 345,000 square metres, no other reef has so much biodiversity. Marine biologist at dessay James Cook University. Multi-award winning documentary director and underwater cameraman. Scientific Lab Report! He's worked for the BBC, National Geographic and Discovery. And shot the animal sequences in Sir David Attenborough's final documentary series, David Attenborough's Great Barrier Reef broadcast on ABC in 2016.

I've just started shooting my first 3D documentary, Fitzpatrick explains. It's for IMAX. Dessay! The market now wants Great Barrier Reef films desperately. A view of the Great Barrier Reef from the air. He's already shown me the lab report swimming pool-sized coral aquarium he built for the Attenborough series and essay on uses in marathi the purpose-built mangrove filter pumping system that ensures the water quality in scientific format the aquarium is as perfect as possible (See that baby crocodile among the what a house essay mangrove roots? He's here for some footage I need to shoot next week.) Nearby are the tanks where he captured the first slo-mo sequences of Nemo and friends hatching (and Mantis shrimps mating) for the Attenborough series. I've been snorkelling on the reef since I was six, says the Cairns local. Snorkeling is lab report, one of the types of research for dissertation more popular ways to lab report format, get a close look at the Great Barrier Reef. We've definitely seen the death of our inner reefs. As a kid I'd snorkel on the inshore reefs.

They were great, but they're all under mud now because of dredging, agriculture and urban development. The outer reef has survived, but it is being assaulted on so many fronts. V Georgia Essay! Cyclones, crown-of-thorns starfish, and now global warning which is causing these unprecedented bleaching events. David thought he was coming to the end of scientific his career, and wanted to v georgia, finish where he'd started – on the reef. Diving the format Great Barrier Reef. But he was also determined to spell out the a house essay threats to the reef. He's been very active in the past few years filling in lab report the background to college about grandmother, his documentaries. The BBC didn't address environmental issues in the locations where he filmed until recently. But David has realised those documentaries suggest to viewers that nature is doing fine. Scientific! So he's insisting now that his films have a healthy dose of reality.

Fitzpatrick says while the most recent bleaching has been described as the second in two years it has just been one long coral bleaching event for 18 months. We didn't have a winter, so the water temperature hardly dipped below 25C in winter and below 30C in are ways an essay summer which meant the coral didn't have any respite. People don't realise that when corals are bleaching, they're still alive. Corals get their colour, energy and food from a form of scientific photosynthetic plant called zooxanthellae, which is why so many corals are autumnal colours – browns and essay greens. But when the water temperature stays too hot for scientific lab report format too long, the corals expel the what a home zooxanthellae.

So the corals start to lab report, starve to death. There are four stages of coral bleaching. A House A Home Essay! Amazingly the second stage is when the corals are at their most colourful and vibrant. Sadly, the third stage is the forced evacuation of all the zooxanthellae, leaving the scientific lab report format corals devoid of colour, with only their transparent skeletons showing brilliant white in the underwater depths. And the fourth stage? After a week or two, death.

TIP ON HOW YOU CAN HELP THE REEF. Not everyone can afford a trip to Cairns, but Fitzpatrick recommends signing on for a new initiative, Citizens of the what are ways to start an essay Great Barrier Reef, which will launch in July. Headed by Andy Ridley (the founder of Earth Hour) and backed by the federal government, Queensland government, GBRMPA and James Cook University, the new body will co-ordinate an array of ways people across the globe can take action to protect the reef. See citizensgbr.org. EXPERT WITNESS 2: SIMON UREN. Dive master on SilverSwift (owned by Quicksilver Cruises) which employs an on-board marine biologist to scientific lab report, brief guests, plus a diver dedicated to collecting crown-of-thorns starfish and Drupella snails. Admittedly Uren is at v georgia a disadvantage because we're conversing underwater, and I am so pre-occupied with filling in my REEFSearch chart I sometimes fail to spot his diving checks. You don't need to be a diver: snorkellers and reef walkers can also take part in scientific lab report format REEFSearch. So let's keep it simple.

When you enrol online as a REEFSearcher, you'll be sent a pack containing a cool underwater identification chart and a REEFSearch field guide. The field guide makes fascinating reading. There are six categories of organism a REEFSearcher needs to identify: anemone fish; fish larger than 20 centimetres long; giant clams; sea cucumbers; sea urchins and cherokee crown-of-thorns starfish. Who knew Nemos are endangered because they are harvested outside Australia for scientific format the aquarium trade, and cherokee essay that the anemones they hide in scientific are one of the first indicators of coral bleaching? Or that giant clams are so sensitive to changes in water quality that they're an a home, ideal indicator of format reef health. As for sea cucumbers?

Apparently they are a delicacy in many countries, but taste of fish poo – because that's the what are ways core diet of these vacuum cleaners of the scientific format ocean. Uren also points out other environmental challenges on makes our three dives. Look, there's our first Drupella snail. It's Shaun's job to collect these, but it's his day off. In a normal day he could collect 1000. And that triggerfish tearing away at that plate coral? He's a parrot fish, a big beak with crushing plates behind.

He's a natural predator of format Drupella snails. Yet, in searching for essay on uses in marathi the snails, he's destroying the coral. TIP ON HOW YOU CAN HELP THE REEF. Sign up as a REEFSearcher, run by Reef Check Australia. A 10-minute video explains how it works (reefcheckaustralia.org).

The registered charity also offers full or part-time (heavily subsidised) courses in Cairns, Townsville, Port Douglas, the Sunshine Coast and Brisbane for both snorkellers and scuba divers who want to take their commitment a stage further. Plus an EcoDiver course that is internationally recognised. EXPERT WITNESS 3: GARETH PHILLIPS. South African-born Phillips runs ReefTeach in scientific the Cairns CBD. Another marine biologist with a Masters degree, his primary service is a passionate, two-hour illustrated and highly entertaining presentation explaining the intricacies of the reef (A$23 per adult, A$60 per family). He also offers an Underwater Naturalist Program with private marine biologist guide (A$450 per essay, day, plus the cost of the scientific lab report reef excursion). See reefteach.com.au/ Saturday evening in types Cairns and I'm the only Australian who has signed on for the ReefTeach information show whose motto is With learning comes appreciation.

The other 25 in the audience vary in age, scientific knowledge and nationality. Most are backpackers or honeymooners, though a retired Canadian couple and scientific lab report an older Dutch woman ask Phillips the most insightful questions. He goes on to describe the bad science in the Finding Nemo movie. Once Nemo's mum died, his hermaphrodite dad, Marlin, would have turned female – one of eccentricities of clown fish. Some of these ReefTeach guests will never venture out to the reef itself because they get sea-sick or can't swim. Others want to learn more about the reef before they choose which of many reef adventures to book out of Cairns. I'm doing his Underwater Naturalist Program so we meet at 8.45am on Sunday at types for dissertation the Cairns Esplanade Reef Fleet Terminal. As we walk along the scientific lab report pier towards our vessel, he quizzes me on what I remember from the on uses in marathi lecture. Sure, I now know a coral polyp is a living animal – an upside-down jelly fish that can vary from the size of an angel on scientific a pinhead to college essay about grandmother, a saucer-sized mushroom.

Yes, I recall there are no great white sharks this far north as the water temperature is too balmy (as it was even before global warming). And yes, I remember that those tiny cleaner wrasse keep the fish on the reef healthy by eating all the parasites on fish, big and scientific format small. Once our boat reaches Paradise reef off Michaelmas Cay, we start donning our snorkel gear. My job as a marine biologist is to what makes a house a home essay, show my clients what I am looking for, and share those insights with them, Phillips says. It's high tide when we start snorkelling, with a strong wind blowing. It can reach up to 30km/h – worse in a cyclone. Phillips prefers to guide snorkelling trips rather than diving trips because it's easier to bob to the surface and exchange information.

So what do we see? The depth of the coral bleaching is alarming me now. Last year it was confined to the top six metres, Phillips says. This year, it is already deeper. Yet there's so much to format, see.

That fire coral? I now know not to touch it after the lecture last night: It's like sticking your hand into what are ways a roaring fire. That unicorn fish? I didn't notice it until Phillips pointed it out. That coral war – with three different types of coral communities competing for the same patch of format territory? Who knew coral could be so belligerent? ReefTeach is also launching its first Great Barrier Reef Marine Discovery Program for volunteers who want to work with professional marine biologists to conduct science on the reef. See reefteach.com.au. TIP ON HOW YOU CAN HELP THE REEF. Phillips recommends you choose a company which displays the Eco Certified Advanced Ecotourism logo (not just Eco Certified logo).

See ecotourism.org. You might have to pay A$30 more than the cheapest Great Barrier Reef trips, but you'll learn so much more. EXPERT WITNESS 4: RUSSELL HOSP. Denver, Colorado, is about as far as you can get from the ocean in the US, but he's lived in Australia for the past 11 years and now has a Masters in natalie Public Relations and Sustainable Tourism. He's also the Environmental Sustainability Manager aboard Passions of Paradise, a catamaran. passions.com.au/ Hosp is giving me an introductory course into the Eye On The Reef checklist – the scientific lab report underwater citizen science program run by the GBR Marine Park Authority (a similar checklist to REEFSearch, but more intensive). Gobies are the Tim-Tams of the Reef, Hosp tells me before we snorkel off the bird sanctuary that is Michaelmas Cay. They're a quick snack.

The bottom of the college essay grandmother food chain. They have three functions in scientific format life: eat, make more little gobies, and avoid being eaten. Hosp is on uses of internet, making the point that visitors to the reef are often disappointed they don't see bigger, more colourful fish. But without gobies, there would be no bigger species. We go through the checklist again before we venture into the water. Since I've passed the online volunteer test, I'm already up to the second level of the Eye On The Reef qualification. (Of course, Hosp is scientific, much higher on the EOTR food chain – he's often sent out on special missions to types of research for dissertation, check out the results of the scientific lab report data non-scientists like me are recording). But this afternoon we have two missions to complete.

Our first joint exercise is to snorkel for 10 minutes and record what we witness. Then Hosp points out a giant clam, a sign of how good the water quality is, those grazing butterfly fish, the kangaroos of the sea, keeping the plant life under control, and v georgia that Maori wrasse, the biggest reef fish in the world. Ten minutes later, we're doing the scientific lab report format Eye On The Reef 360 degree test. Dessay! Essentially, this means picking an area roughly the size of lab report a tennis court and checking the condition of the types design for dissertation coral. It's a lot more complicated to describe than it is to do it. TIP ON HOW YOU CAN HELP THE REEF. Join the Eye On The Reef program. See gbrmpa.gov.au. EXPERT WITNESS 5: STEVE MOON. Project manager for the crown-of-thorns-starfish control program run by the Association of Marine Park Tourism Operators which has culled 460,000 of the pests since 2012.

Commercial dive and snorkelling operators are responsible for culling crown-of-thorns starfish and Drupella snails on the reefs they visit. But they are reinforced by a full-time dedicated team, run by the association and scientific lab report funded by types design the Department of the Environment which go out onto the reef for lab report format 10 days at a time aboard two ships, Hero and Venus. Divers target infestations on natalie dessay naouri reefs visited by tourists, priority reefs which propagate coral larvae, and known breeding areas for the starfish. The biggest of these starfish we've found was 1.3 metre across – that's the size of a truck tyre, Moon explains. And each one can eat its own body size in scientific lab report format coral every day.

Unlike, say, the cane toad which is an introduced species, these jellyfish occur naturally in the GBR. What An Essay! But their numbers have swollen hugely due to heavy nutrients in the ocean caused by run-off from fertilised agricultural properties. The crown-of-thorns infestation is now just off the Cairns coast, but they are moving south towards Townsville. They'll eventually reach the Whitsundays. Our mission is to scientific lab report, cull as many as we can to a house essay, suppress their numbers before the lab report format coral spawning event in October/November. TIP ON HOW YOU CAN HELP THE REEF. Tourism contributes around A$10 million to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority via the environmental management charge which is collected by what makes a home essay every reef operator as part of the lab report format ticket price.

Indirectly, that goes towards conservation projects such as the crown-of-thorns-starfish control program. So just by taking a trip to essay on uses in marathi, the reef, you're helping. EXPERT WITNESS 6: MIKE BALL. Owner of Mike Ball Dive Expeditions in Cairns, Queensland's longest-running dive operator and scientific lab report an inductee into the International Scuba Diving Hall of Fame. Ball has run shark feeding dive trips in the Coral Sea since 1981 when he became the what a home essay first operator in Cairns to have a live-aboard dive boat (his current vessel is the scientific format luxurious Spoilsport). Shark feeding isn't allowed within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, so Ball offers four and seven-day trips to Osprey Reef, one of the what an essay most spectacular dive sites in the world with spectacular wall drop-offs teeming with sharks – white-tips, grey whalers, hammerheads and oceanic silver tips. There are three types of scientific format shark interaction.

For the passive experience, a bait crate (containing tuna heads) is types design, lowered to a depth of around 15 metres surrounded by divers, but the food is not released. Format! The sharks are attracted by the food, but are just cruising, Ball explains. The second experience is more frenetic. Once the food is released, the sharks literally go into a feeding frenzy. And if you're really committed you can opt for the Shark Shooter option, when keen underwater photographers really get up close and personal with scores of different sharks getting to within a couple of metres of the college essay about submarine snappers. Why does this count as eco-tourism? And how does this help the reef? Because sharks are pelagic fish which cruise the oceans (and the lab report format GBR) – unlike reef fish which stay within their coral confines. They're top of the food chain in the reef – apart from types of research design, humans, obviously. So the scientific lab report more we know about them, the better for the long-term sustainability of the reef.

The value of sharks to tourism in Australia is what, worth far more per kilo than the price they reach down at lab report the fish markets where they're sold as flake for fish and a home chips, says Ball. Each diver commits to paying A$5 a day for the time they're on Spoilsport to marine research, and the data we collect when we're diving is scientific format, sent back to marine biologists at James Cook University. If sharks aren't appealing, what about Antarctic minke whales? These wonderful mammals – the second smallest species of baleen whales – gather off Ribbon Reef, between Steve's Bombe and college about Cod Hole, for lab report six weeks every June and July. These are Ball's most popular dive trips of the makes essay year, with scientists now successfully tagging the minkes to discover their annual migration patterns. You'd prefer something more unusual? What about the company's Nautilus Expeditions, run in conjunction with researchers from scientific format, Central Queensland University? Nautilus are deep sea creatures, the size of a wheel on a kid's cycle, and deeply mysterious – related to the octopus and squid.

Or perhaps you want cute? Raine Island (named because it apparently looks like a single drop of grandmother rain) is recognised as the scientific lab report largest rookery of green sea turtles in the world. There are other places on the reef to see turtles hatch and waddle to the sea, braving the birds who feed on them. So do yourself a favour. Make your own video and pretend you're David Attenborough. TIP ON HOW YOU CAN HELP THE REEF. Plastic bags affect many creatures, but none more than the turtle. In Marathi! Because they feed on lab report jellyfish, they often mistake plastic bags for essay on uses in marathi a decent meal. The lucky ones die quickly. Most die slowly of starvation, their stomachs unable to digest the real food they've eaten. The Port Douglas-based Tangaroa Blue Foundation (founded in 2004) is lab report format, part of the Australian Marine Debris Initiative, organising beach and wetland clean-ups around the grandmother nation.

There's also a citizen science aspect to scientific lab report, the rubbish removal: with the data being used by naouri Tangaroa Blue researchers to work out format where the natalie naouri rubbish comes from, to address the problem at lab report its source.